Chapter 13 – Problem solving part II.docx

Aspects rather than less significant attributes they

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aspects rather than less significant attributes They notice meaningful patterns not recognized by novices Spend more time focusing on what’s going on rather than what action to take Detect problems/atypicalities in problems Better metacognitive skills (monitor their own performance) o Novice Limited or no experience Their understanding is based largely on rules They rely on facts and features of the domain to guide their behavior Performance is inflexible and limited Chess position study: master players (Experts) and average players (novices) were shown a specific chess bored for 5 seconds. They had to recall the board. o Solution: experts recalled much more; they would put a few pieces down, pause to recall where the next set of pieces would go, put those down, and so forth (they had a strategic function within the game). Experts relate pieces of a domain to one another and set different subgoals. Physics problem study: Both experts and novices were shown a set of physics problems. How did they go about solving 2 at a time? o Solution: Novices groups the two problems that had similar objects while experts grouped the problems that had similar principles 3. Creativity Creative: anything made by people that is in some way novel and has potential value Creative people have certain commonalities 2
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o Great knowledge and skill in their domain o Certain personality traits (willing to take risks) o Internal motivation o A bit of luck
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