Pressman 2010 We cover four major tasks for project managers to increase their

Pressman 2010 we cover four major tasks for project

This preview shows page 399 - 402 out of 517 pages.

Pressman 2010 We cover four major tasks for project managers to increase their chances of being successful: 1. Team size, roles, space, communication
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2. Managing people and conflicts 3. Inspections and metrics 4. Configuration management 1. Team size, roles, space, and communication. The Plan-and-Document processes can scale to larger sizes, where group leaders report to the project manager. However, each subgroup typically stays the size of the two-pizza teams we saw in Section 10.1 . Size recommendations are three to seven people ( Braude and Berstein 2011 ) to no more than ten ( Sommerville 2010 ). Fred Brooks gave us the reason in Chapter 7 : the more people you add to a team increases the number of people who can work in parallel, but it also increases the amount of time each person must spend communicating. These team sizes are reasonable considering the fraction of time spent communicating. Given we know the size of the team, members of a subgroup in Plan-and-Document processes can be given different roles in which they are expected to lead. For example ( Pressman 2010 ): Configuration management leader Quality assurance leader Requirements management leader Design leader Implementation leader One surprising result is that the type of space for the team to work in affects project management. One study found that collocating the team in open space could double productivity.( Teasley et al. 2000 ) The reasons include that team members had easy access to each other for both coordination of their work and for learning, and they could post their work artifacts on the walls so that all could see. Another study of teams in open space concludes: One of the main drivers of success was the fact that the team members were at hand, ready to have a spontaneous meeting, advise on a problem, teach/learn something new, etc. We know from earlier work that the gains from being at hand drops off significantly when people are first out of sight, and then most severely when they are more than 30 meters apart. Allen and Henn 2006 While the team relies on email and texting for communicating and shares information in wikis and the like, there is also typically a weekly meeting to help coordinate the project. Recall that the goal is to minimize the time spent communicating unnecessarily, so it is important that the meetings be effective. Below is our digest of advice from the many guidelines found on the Web on how to have efficient meetings. We use the acronym SAMOSAS as a memory device; surely bringing a plate of them will make for an effective meeting! Samosas are a popular stuffed deep-fried snack from India.
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S tart and stop meeting on time. A genda created in advance of meeting; if there is no agenda, then cancel the meeting. M inutes must be recorded so everyone can recall results afterwards; the first agenda item is finding a note taker.
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  • Spring '19
  • Dr.Marcos

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