In order for the counselor to initiate a good relationship he needs to establish rapport. Rapport may be enhanced by:
a) Non-judgmental acceptance of the client. This refers to over coming negative attitudes, stereotypes and biases. b) Warm regard towards the client. This means providing a healthy and warm climate and helping the client feel at home with the counselor. c) Promising the client trustworthiness. Many clients are afraid that their secrets, fears and concerns might be shared with other people. The counselor should reassure the client of confidentiality of any information shared. The goals of counseling The counselor should remember that counseling is not advice giving or a problem solving exercise . The client does not come to the counselor to receive ready-made answers to all his problems. The counseling process is meant to help the client to realize and release his potential so that he can solve his own problems himself. Consoling should help the client to do the following; Overcome his worst obstacles, which are; fear and poor self-image. Gain confidence in himself Cultivate a healthy self image Counseling should help the youth to open up to him so that he becomes more knowledgeable about himself, about his abilities, and about the world around him. Counseling should equip the youth with the ability to solve problems for themselves , ability to appraise self and to think independently. The main goal of counseling is to help the client to adjust by doing something about his problems. Whatever the problems is, personal adjustment should be the solution. THE DEVELOPMENTAL MODEL OF COUNSELING The developmental model of counseling takes place in stages. The stages help both the client and the counselor to evaluate the progress made and the direction they should take in the counseling process. The stages of the developmental model are; 1) Initiation or problem clarification 2) Development or goal setting 3) Action and closing. During each stage, sessions of between 30 minutes and one hour are held. The number of sessions is determined by the nature of the problem and the client’s personality. There are clients who will need longer as well as more sessions whereas other clients will need shorter session and shorter duration of counseling. Things the counselor should remember (1) The counselor should remember to establish rapport. This refers to extending a positive atmosphere and communicating genuine concern to the client . The counselor should be friend first, extending warmth, which will make the client feel at home with you. (2) The counselor should be attentive . This means that all his interest should be focused on the client. It is important that the client perceives your undivided attention.
- Fall '14
- Psychology, counselor