A fraudulent online reviews for products are easy and

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a. Fraudulent online reviews for products are easy and advantageous to make. b. Online reviews aren’t trustworthy and you shouldn’t rely solely on them for making purchases. c. Many websites allow anyone to enter reviews on any products sold by the site; they don’t even require the reviewer to have purchased the product from the site. d. None of these answers is both a premise and a conclusion. 5. Find the hidden assumptions below by putting the arguments into standard form and adding premises. The first (and most complex) example is done for you. You do not need an explanatory paragraph for each; a reconstructed argument with added premises is sufficient. A. The director says that Gerald has reported to her that his customers are turning to competitors because they offer a cheaper product than you. Consequently, she says, we should also offer customers a cheaper product. The director’s argument reconstructed: Gerald has reported that customers are turning to competitors because they offer a cheaper product. [given] Gerald is correct (and not mistaken or insincere). [hidden] If we offer a cheaper product customers will stop turning to competitors. [hidden] We should try to prevent customers from turning to competitors. [hidden] So we should offer customers a cheaper product. [given] Notice that if any of the hidden assumptions (italicized premises) were missing the argument would fail to have good form. It’s difficult to evaluate the argument without any more context but it isn’t difficult to imagine situations in which the hidden assumptions could be mistaken: Gerald could be covering up a more personally embarrassing reason for losing accounts, all cost-cutting customers may have already jumped ship, or perhaps because of the high-end nature of your brand, it would be acceptable to allow some cost-cutting customers to leave. Even if the assumptions all turn out to be correct, it would be best to consider all of the possibilities before committing to a major course-correction. B. AJ is correct [hidden] AJ said that the company will not survive another quarter like the last one [given] [and AJ said] that this [semester] is shaping up like the last one [given] So the company won’t survive this quarter. [given] C. The guy starts drinking every night when he leaves work [given]
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People make mistakes when they drink [hidden] so there are sure to be mistakes in the deal he closed over dinner last night. [given] D. The DJIA has increased every year for the last ten. [given] The trend for this year is the same as the last ten. [hidden] So it will increase this year too. [given] E. Your assistant tells you that you must add an FAQ page to the website soon because people are constantly bothering him with questions that could be easily answered on an FAQ page. (Find your assistant’s hidden assumptions by reconstructing his argument.) People keep asking questions that can be easily answered on an FAQ. [given] Assistant did not like answering those questions [hidden]
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