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WiltshireRoundway Down16SU 006647 1Identification of bed-burial as a distinctive Anglo-Saxon funerary rite can be attributed to Speake, Bed Burial on Swallowcilffe Down, pp. 98-115. Further, the discussions in Sherlock, Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Street House, pp. 109-113; Penn, Cemetery at Shrubland Hall Quarry, pp. 57-58. 2In addition, Bateman discovered a bed burial on Lapwing Hill, Derbyshire (SK 166717): Bateman, Ten Years' Diggings, pp. 68-70. However, the presence of a sword in a leather sheath in the burial would suggest that its occupant was male. 3Meaney, Gazetteer, p. 63. 4Malim, Hines, and Duhig, Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Edix Hill, pp. 52-53, 67-68. 5Lethbridge, Cemetery at Shudy Camps, pp. 10-12. 6Dickens and Lucy, Anglo-Saxon Teen Buried in Bed. 7Sherlock, Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Street House, pp. 31-33, 89-100, 109-113 8Penn, Cemetery at Shrubland Hall Quarry, pp. 24-31, 41-56. 9Smith, Collectanea Antiqua: Volume IV, pp. 162-64. 10Stoodley and Schuster, Collingbourne Ducis, Wiltshire. 11Speake, Bed Burial on Swallowcilffe Down. 12Lethbridge, Cemetery at Shudy Camps, p. 8. 13Bateman, Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, pp. 37-39. 14Hoare, Ancient History of South Wiltshire, p. 235. 15Carver, Sutton Hoo, pp. 107-114, 143-44. 16Semple and Williams, 'Excavation on Roundway Down',with references therein.
The Origins of Anglo-Saxon Kingship 229 CountyBurialGrid ReferenceWinklebury Hill (Grave 9)17ST 950212 17Pitt-Rivers, Excavations in Cranborne Chase: Volume II, pp. 257-58, 264-7, 281, 286.
Peter J W Burch 230III: Calculation for Estimating the Volume of a Burial Mound In general, a burial mound may be considered to be the following shape in radial section (Fig.32).1This can be thought of as a segment of a circle, i.e. the portion of a circle cut off by a cord, in this case the base of the burial mound. In three dimensions, this is the portion of a sphere cut off by a chordic plane, known as a spherical cap (Fig.33). 1This does not account for flat topped mounds. Any estimate gained will, therefore, provide a slight overestimate, although as any mound will have inevitably eroded considerable over time this is not deemed to matter. Fig.32, Burial Mound in Radial Section Fig.33, Burial Mound Modelled as a Spherical Cap
The Origins of Anglo-Saxon Kingship 231 The size of the sphere and the position of the chordic plane can be varied to accommodate the basal diameter and height of any given burial.2Thus all shapes and sizes of burial mounds can be accommodated. The volume of a burial mound may, therefore, be estimated by calculating the volume of the spherical cap which it can be modelled as. The volume of a spherical cap is: 𝑉 =𝜋ℎ6(3𝑎2+ ℎ2)This is derived by integrating 𝜋𝑥2between 𝑟and 𝑟 − ℎ, where 𝑟is the radius of the circle, ℎis the height of the spherical cap or burial mound and 𝑎is the radius of the base of the spherical cap or burial mound.