o x/435=state population/national population solve for x every state gets one then you round up to get the next one
redistricting state legislatures re-draw congressional district boundaries after re-apportionment takes place gerrymandering o the drawing of district boundaries with an election outcome in mind e. delegate v. Trustee theories of representation delegate the elected official votes based on the opinion of the people they represents trustee the elected official votes on his own belief and if the people like it then that’s good but if they don’t they can vote him off framers thought that the House would run off of the Trustee model today both the house and the senate are mostly trustee models f. impact on state legislatures impact of Baker V Carr on the states o prior to this decision, most states had a bicameral legislature just like the federal level this led to mal-apportionment
8/31/17 C. Senate 1. Framers’ intent a. Professional Statesmen They know what is going on They confirm appointments made by the president They represent the states, so the states agree with the appointments Treaties have to be ratified by the senate, so essentially the states ratify the treaty They exert a check on the presidency b. Career Politicians c. Represent State Interests d. Check on the President 2. Pre-Civil War Era a. Balance of Free and Slave State This was so that the southern states could have a more powerful voice in the senate b. Filibuster You can talk as much as you want You can yield the floor to other senators so they can also talk for as long as they want The senator represents a sovereign state o More prestigious then being in the house o The senate the upper house A senator has the right to speak as long as they want to represent their state Rule 22 governs debate o When a bill comes to the floor of the senate for a vote it goes to the majority leader, one senator can object to the consideration of the bill (putting a hold on that bill) This means one senator can block a bill from coming to the floor for a vote o The majority can either continue to put in on the calendar but this usually causes the senator to filibuster The rule of 60 the majority leader can get 60 senators to stop the filibuster Filibuster almost always is conducted by the minority party, because they know if the bill is voted on it will pass because of the majority
3. Progressive era a. Party caucus b. Committees 1. Policy issues 2. Oversee executive’s agencies 3. Oversee judicial branch A. Party Caucus Informal organization caucus share common purpose/ goals Fancy word for meeting 1. Leadership: Minority and majority leaders a. Both houses/ senate have same general organization patterns: party caucus and standing committees b. Party caucus—how two major parties operate within their chamber 2. Leadership: majority and minority Whips a.
- Fall '15
- The Jungle, Legislative Branch Notes