Surinam and from this it can be gathered that Voltaire would not allow abuse of

Surinam and from this it can be gathered that

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Surinam, and from this it can be gathered that Voltaire would not allow abuse of slaves, or even the practice of slavery into his ideal society. 4 In El Dorado you see a nation that has no need for material wealth, where even the poorest people have their needs taken care of by the government. Voltaire’s description of the common house is one that he obviously enjoyed creating and would definitely be part of his utopia, a place where the government takes care of and feeds it’s citizens. 5 The religion of El Dorado is also a construct that Voltaire would most likely use in his ideal society, a religion that is tolerant with the entire clergy that is present in Christianity being done away with, allowing for each person to pray to God directly. 6 Also in Voltaire’s s ociety there would be absolutely no crime nor lawyers, as illustrated by the fact that El Dorado had neither courts nor jails, and the denizens seemed confused when Candide describes the function of these buildings. 7 The society drawn from these criticisms is quite a utopian one. It would be isolated like El Dorado, with no war or contact with the Europeans that seem to bring war, rape, and looting with them. Crime would be non-existent so as to also abolish courts and jails. Religion would be uniform with no clergy to be corrupted. The society would also have no need of any real currency, with the government of the realm taking care of its citizens. There are quite a few institutions that Voltaire criticizes in Candide, including institutionalized religion, war, the European nobles, philosophers, and colonialism. Each of these receive special attention from Voltaire. Institutionalized religion takes an especially hard hit. The most obvious case is the auto-de-fe and grand inquisitor. The auto-de-fe is portrayed as 4 Candide (49) 5 Candide (42) 6 Candide (44) 7 Candide (45)
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an archaic ritual, not fit for any civilized society. It almost appears to be pagan in origin with the
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