More so members of this class are mostly owners of

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More so, members of this class are mostly owners of haciendas. Though they were able to live a life similar to the Spaniards, they cannot totally surpass them since they were not pure blood. They were able to build large houses made of stone and bricks which are usually near the town plaza. They are also capable in buying furniture from Europe which serves as status symbols. They are also considered to be richer than the peninsulares and as such they were called bestias cargadas de oro or beast laden with gold. Educational Reform In 1863 the King of Spain released an Educational Decree that aims to create a comprehensive public educational program. The said decree ultimately opened the colleges and universities
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to the natives who are capable to pay the dues. New courses were opened like Medicine, Law and Priesthood. The Escuela Normal were also established that aims to train teachers for the primary and secondary levels of the public- school system. IV. THE EMERGENCE OF THE FILIPINO NATIONALIST MOVEMENT Key points: Secularization, Propaganda Movement, La Liga Filipina, Katipunan Secularization Movement and Religious Reforms With the implementation of the Educational Decree of 1863, many students coming from a clase media background chose to enter priesthood. As a result, there was a growth in the number of native priests in the Philippines. It must be understood that the friars who went to the Philippines are part of different religious orders including the Augustinians, Franciscans, Recollects, Jesuits and the Dominicans. The priests who belong to these orders are part of what is called the regular , or those who live inside the monasteries. On the other hand, those who don’t belong to any religious orders and are directly under the supervision of the bishop and archbishop are called the secular. According to church law, only the secular priests are to be allowed to administer the parishes and churches. By the turn of the 19 th century, there was already a growing number of secular priest in the Philippines that are mostly natives. With this the secularization process was initiated under the watch of Archbishop of Manila, Basilio Sancho de Santa Justa y Rufina, who served from 1767- 1787. Nonetheless the secularization of the parishes was vehemently opposed by the regular priest and by the peninsulares. They argued that the native secular priests are not yet ready in administering the parishes in the colony. However, what seems to be the real reason for this objection is that many of the regulars fear losing the wealth they have accumulated while serving as the parish priests. Among the leaders of the secularization movement is Pedro Pelaez. Though he made several successful attempts to reinstate the seculars in the parishes his untimely death in 1863 was a huge blow to the movement.
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  • Fall '07
  • SIAO
  • Philippine Revolution, Katipunan

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