3 foreign religious schools most important one was

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3) Foreign religious schools: most important one was the Jesuit school. Jesuit means a strict style of teaching/strict education. it founded the largest french university.
—>indicates that education was not a recent phenomenon, rather, they have been present in Syria and Lebanon long ago.Three Representatives of AnnahdaRifa’a el-Tahtawi(1801–1873)From Egypt A pioneering figure of the Arab renaissance He is a Muslim clergy who went to Paris in 1826He wrote a book describing Paris in the most positive way Said “if we want to see Golden Age of Islam, it is in Paris. Not Muslim, but this is how we wish to be”Went to a restaurant owned by women, told men what to do, was unheard of in Arab countriesSaw the universities, schoolsDescribed them in detail, and gave them to the government of Egypt, which triggered the idea of modernization Butrus al-Bustani(1819-1883)From Mount Lebanon, a Maronite Christian who knew 9 languages and considered the Father of the Arab Renaissance He wrote many books about literature, a dictionary, history, published magazines, and started a secular school with no religious affiliations Ibrahim al-Yaziji(1847-1906) (“Wake Up Arabs”)From Mount LebanonInvented the Arabic letters for the typewriter, and this had a great impact on schools, media, government documentation Arabic letters difficult to type because all letters connected Wrote “Wake Up Arabs”, a poem Arabic: “istayqizou ayouha al-Arab”Wrote volumes of poetry and literatureWhen he spoke in public, he was very eloquent in standard Arabic Before, governments corrupted Arabic languages because they wrote it how theyspoke, not in standard versionThe Five Pieces of Evidence of Annahda:We need evidence because people deny that Arabs had an Awakening. They claim that Arabs just translated books, and “went back to sleep”1.Printing Press: Introduced in Aleppo.2. Journalism+ Media: Egypt led the filed of the printed press
1800 -Napolean introduced the first government newspaper in Arabic “The Alert”1828- Ali Basha published the second “The events”3) Modernization of Language: modern standard arabic The Arabic language: efforts of translating European and American literature led to the modernization of the arabic language.The translation movement always created new words in effort to become more Westernized.There was language, but no way to communicate it. The printing press helped with this. It allowed it to be distributed, spread, and exposed to people so it could be learned.4) Proliferation of Public Librariesmostly established by churches. Ex/ Farahat library Allepo, he wrote 40 books on grammar, arabic language, and literature, which are considered applicable today.

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