Metaparadigm pender thoroughly describes how the four

This preview shows page 8 - 10 out of 16 pages.

MetaparadigmPender thoroughly describes how the four concepts of the nursing metaparadigm correlates with her theory. Pender et al. (2011) refer to the person of the metaparadigm as individuals, families, and communities who are all viewed as active participants in health promotion. Each person has unique experiences and characteristics that affect their behavior andactions. The person is considered the focal point of the model (Pender et al., 2011). The environment is to be considered as the physical, interpersonal, and economic circumstances in which persons live (Pender et al., 2011). The quality of an environment depends on the absence of toxic substances, the availability of restorative experiences, and the accessibility of human andeconomic resources needed for healthy living (Butts & Rich, 2015). The individual’s environment must be healthy for the individual to achieve a healthy life. “Environmental wellness is manifested by balance between human beings and their surroundings” (Pender et al., 2011, p. 8). Pender et al. (2011) views health in the context of health promotion and disease prevention. “Health promotion is behavior that is motivated by a desire to increase well-being and optimize human health potential, whereas disease prevention or health protection is behaviormotivated by a desire to actively avoid illness, detect illness early, or maintain functioning withinthe constraints of illness” (Pender et al., 2011, p. 5). Pender et al. (2011) emphasize that the person’s concept of health is more important than any other definition of health. An individual’s
9NURSING THEORY ANALYSIShealth in the HPM is directly influenced by that individual’s health behaviors. Individuals who practice positive health behaviors can expect to thrive in wellness and health. Nursing in the HPM revolves around helping individuals understand and perform health promoting behaviors through education and interventions. Pender et al. (2006) determine the role of the nurse to revolve around raising consciousness related to health-promoting behaviors, promoting self-efficacy, enhancing the benefits of change, controlling the environment to support behavior change, and managing the barriers to change. Consistency and LucidnessNola Pender’s theory is believed to demonstrate both consistency and lucidness. The theory is clearly expressed and easily understood as it uses language familiar to nurses (Butts & Rich, 2015). Pender uses uncomplicated language and consistently uses the same terminology throughout her model. Pender expresses important concepts in her theory that continue to relate to each other throughout the theory. Butts and Rich (2015) state, “The relationship among the factors are linked, and relationships are identified and consistently defined” (p. 450). Pender’s model has a well-established foundation as it is derived from the expectancy-value theory and social cognitive theory, which are both widely used theories in many different sciences. Pender’sdiagram that is presented in her newest edition of Health Promotion in Nursing Practicealso helps readers understand and interpret her model through visual representation.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture