Accepted bribes to retain a white employee on a

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Accepted bribes to retain a white employee on a reservationTHE KU KLUX KLAN1.In the southern states where blacks were a majority or two races pop was equal, whites began to use intimidation or violence to stop gains2.The KKK was the largest of these white terrorist organizations3.Formed in 1866; led by former confederate general Nathan Bedford Forrest4.Gradually absorbed other white terrorist organizations5.Had rituals, costumes, secret languages- made it more terrifyingr6.‘midnight rides’
7.Many whites considered these groups ‘patriotic’KKK ACTS1.1871 two enforcement acts
THE RISE OF JIM CROW LAWS1.After 1877 federal support was scant for blacks- federal troops withdrew from the South2.Congress had stripped the 14 and 15thamendments of much of their significancea.Supreme court ruled that these amendments prevented gvt from discriminating, but not private companies, organizations or individuals b.Hotels, railroads, theaters, ets… practiced legal segregation3.The court also eventually validated state legislation for segregationa.1896 Plessy v. Ferguson- a Louisiana law required separate accommodations for blacks and whites on rr was ok === ‘separate but equal’4.Laws were created to disenfranchise black votersa.Again, came the ‘poll tax’ and literacy testsb.By late 1890s black vote decreased by 62% c.Passing of “grandfather laws”5.These segregations laws reached almost every area of southern lifea.Railroad cars, waiting rooms, restaurants, public parks, beaches, theaters, etc.…b.These laws stripped blacks of the modest social, economic and political gains theyhad made since the end of slaveryc.White southerners regained control and supremacyd.The rural south had custom…. The new urban south had these laws – subjugation/inequality was the resultANDREW CARNE1.Pennsylvania RR was among the first to adopt the new corporate form of organization2.It spreads beyond RR quickly3.In steel, the central figure was Andrew Carnegie4.Scottish immigrant5.Worked his way up from poverty6.In 1873 opened his own steel business in Pittsburgh7.Soon he dominated the industry8.How? He cut costs and prices by striking deals and buying out those who could not compete with him
9.He sold out in 1901 for 450 million to J.P. Morgan who emerged Carnegie’s corporation with others to form the united states steel corporation-a 1.4 billion enterprise! (1 dollar in1913 is worth 22 today)JOHN D> ROCKEFELLER1.His corporate empire was standard oil2.After the civil war he launched a refining company and eliminated the competition3.In 1870 formed standard oil company of Ohio 4.

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