D plymouth est 1620 william bradford pilgrims e the

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D. Plymouth, est 1620: William Bradford, Pilgrims E. The pilgrims were separatists from the Church of England. They saw the church too corrupt and too friendly to Roman Catholicism. They saw Catholicism too corrupt. They saw it beyond redemption so start our own thing. F. Massachusetts Bay, est. 1629: John Winthrop, Puritans, Deserving its own Roman numeral… G. Puritans wanted to purify the Church of England. They wanted to clean it up. They don’t see it beyond redemption. H. Massachusetts Bay, City on the Hill Religion is absolutely central in their lives. Fall from grace, sin, very focused. Nothing wrong with corporal punishment. Death is a preoccupation in their mind. Live life according to the bible and direct relationship with the bible. Puritans read and are taught to read. Not like other colonies and Europe. Death, fear, piety is all bonded in their alphabet book III. The City upon the Hill: New England & the Massachusetts Bay Company A. Four Fundamental Tenets of Puritanism:
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1. total depravity: Calvinism and lesser extent Luther. This means in Adam’s fall we sin all. The original sin of Adam and Eve we are doomed to be sinners, we are corrupted. We are all bad, and all fallen from the very beginning. 2. limited atonement: Jesus came along, sacrificed himself and earned God’s forgiveness for all human kind balancing out for one. Only a limited number though, the elect, so not all is saved. You don’t know who the elect are. You don’t know God’s intentions. Heresy to say what God thought of something. God is too far beyond human beings 3. irresistible grace: as far as salvation is concerned, you either got it or you don’t . You can’t work hard you can’t earn your way into heaven. 4. Predestination: it has already been decided by God who is saved and who is damned. 5. Puritans believed in the virtues of hard work but why did they? If it was already determined. Too successful you were in lead with the devil. Omnipotent- all powerful omniscient- everywhere and all-knowing . B. Other features of Puritanism: 1. literal reading of Bible & belief in Biblical typology: for the Puritans it was important that people read the bible themselves. Direct relationship with bible. People are in text reading it over and over. Journey to America as a biblical sense. Moses leading the way Israelites to the Promised Land. Americas can be Promised lands for the Puritans. City on Hill- new Jerusalem for them. We are model to the rest of the world. 2. emphasis on education: unlike anything done by other colonies. 1636 establish the first college, Harvard. First printing press 1638. 3. emphasis on literacy : people of the book but producing other books also. Written word is important. 1760s led by Puritans, published 12,000 books in the New World. 4. blending of church and state: Religious and civil authorities are indentical.
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