Now fours rows are available creates a mathematical

This preview shows page 8 - 11 out of 15 pages.

Now fours rows are available Creates a mathematical matrix to quickly figure out rows o With twelve-tone matrix, there are 48 rows to use in the creation of a piece of serialist music o Possibilities are endless, creativity comes when composer decides which rows to use at what time Quoting/Borrowing Both are similar and use preexisting music in a new composition Quoting = composer uses a preexisting piece or fragment note for note exactly as it was composed within their own composition Borrowing = composer uses preexisting piece or fragment but arranges it or varies it in some way o Still recognized as initial piece/fragment but reinvented Indeterminacy/Aleatory Music/Chance Music
o Indeterminacy Part of performance is not pre-determined by the composer Certain elements are left up to the whims of performers Also called aleatory or chance music Prepared Piano Developed by John Cage from experimenting with inserting carious objects between the strings of a piano to see the effect on sound Itemized exactly which objects--nails, plastic washers, screws, nuts, bolts--should be inserted into piano Which strings should be altered in this manner Precise measurements as to the point on the string at which the object should be placed o After piano preparation, the performer plays using the normal piano keyboard but the sounds that emanate are anything but normal Electro-Acoustic Music When electric devices are used to enhance or create music o Electronically Generated Music: Tape Music = electronically generated sounds were captured on magnetic tape Synthesizers = musical instrument, usually attach to a piano-like keyboard, that creates electronically generated sounds Can imitate various sounds and other instruments Computer Music = tape music was replaced by "computer music" when computers began to create electronically generate sounds Sampling = synthesizers and computers can both "sample" or record other sounds and reproduce them at any pitch o Musique Concrete = recorded sounds that are played back as a part of a musical performance Sounds can be manipulated, fragmented, sped-up, slowed down, or played back exactly as they would sound normally Performance Techniques: o Sprechstimme A singer does not sing the pitches indicated but instead speaks the pitches Indicated by an "x" through the stem of the note As long as singer gets close to the pitch indicated, its good enough Each recording will sound different because each singer will hit the pitches with varying success Extended Technique Term used to describe anything an instrumentalist does to create sound that is outside the normal sounds of their instrument o Examples/how they are notated:
Multiphonics = when a instrument that was intended to create only one pitch at a time, is able to create more than one pitch at a time Instruments as Percussion = any non-percussion instrument can be struck in many different ways to create different sounds Pizzicato is NOT an extended technique

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture