Psychology in Action 9th Edition

Psychology in Action

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3. Comprehensive sex education should be required in all high schools because studies demonstrate that such education has reduced the teenage pregnancy rate. Goal=Change--Statement suggests attempts to change (control) behavior leading to reduced pregnancy rates. 4. Surveys show that women who graduate from college earn as much money per year as men who graduate from high school. Goal=Describe--Survey results simply describe what exists in the world. Instructor's Resource Guide               Chapter 1                                 Page 22
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H andout 1.2 – Active Learning Identifying and Explaining the Goals of Psychology In the space to the left of each statement, identify which goal of psychology (describe, explain, predict, or control) is being met by each of these studies. In the space below each statement, briefly explain your choice of goal. ________1. Researchers have recently identified a gene that predisposes certain individuals to become obese because their satiety mechanism doesn't "turn on.” ________2. Some developmental psychologists believe that a much larger number of playground accidents will occur this year among young children who watch Batman or Mighty Morphin Power Rangers. ________3. Comprehensive sex education should be required in all high schools because studies demonstrate that such education has reduced the teenage pregnancy rate. ________4. Surveys show that women who graduate from college earn as much money per year as men who graduate from high school. Instructor's Resource Guide               Chapter 1                                 Page 23
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Active Learning Activity 1.3 - Identifying Variables and Experimental vs. Control Groups Purpose: To allow students to practice using the concepts they have learned. Our students often need lots of practice distinguishing between IVs and DVs. To develop the critical thinking skill of applying new concepts to real experimental situations. Instructions: 1. Following your presentation of IVs, DVs, and experimental and control groups, distribute copies of Handout 1.3 – Active Learning. 2. Students can do this exercise individually; groups of 3 or 4 are the most effective. 3. Instruct students to do the worksheet first individually and then to check with the other students. If there is disagreement, they can refer to the text or to you. Review the correct answers before going on with new material. _______________________________________________________________________ Answers to Handout 1.3 - Active Learning: Labeling Variables and Groups A. A researcher is interested in how the activity level of 3-year-olds is affected by viewing a 30 minute video of Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles or a 30-minute video of Barney. IV=Type of video watched--Barney or Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles DV=Activity level of children Experimental group=Kids watching Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Control group=Kids watching Barney B. A therapist wants to test a new drug designed to increase the ability of teenagers with ADHD to take accurate notes in class.
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