Present the probable situations that will happen in

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present the probable situations that will happen in the Philippines. A. The Philippines: A Century Hence It is originally entitled “Filipinas dentro de cien años” and was published in the periodical La Solidaridad in four installments from 30 September 1889 to 31 January 1890. Through this essay, Rizal broaches the most basic question, “Will the Philippines continue to be a colony of Spain?” He exposed the reasons for the failure of Spain to uplift the Philippine economic and social conditions and projected the probable condition of the Philippines. Rizal presented a historical analysis of the prevailing social, economic and political conditions of the Philippines using a tripartite view of the country’s history. In this essay, he showed the importance of studying history in understanding and analyzing the present conditions of the society and ‘predict’ possible stituations that would happen within a century. It is important to note that Jose Rizal in this essay and other works such as On The Indolence of the Filipino and his Annotation of Antonio de Morga’s Succesos de las Islas Filipinas that he asserted that Filipinos have their own culture and history before the Spanish conquest. B. On the Indolence of the Filipino It was originally entitled “La Indolencia de los Filipinos” and was published in the periodical La Solidaridad in five installments from
LIFE AND WORKS OF JOSE RIZAL Manual Title 3 July 15 to September 15, 1890. It’s a response of Jose Rizal to the accusation of Spaniards that the indios (Filipinos) were indolent. Contents: Part I. Introduction Rizal defined the idea of indolence. He criticized that in the Philippines indolence is blamed for shortcomings and misdeeds of a person. He argued that indolence is not the cause of backwardness and trouble but the effect of trouble and backwardness. Jose Rizal admitted that Filipinos have the predisposition of laziness but he attributed this to the tropical climate of the Philippines. He maintained that indolence is natural and claimed that the Spaniards and other Europeans were more indolent for they use climate as a reason for them not to work as hard as the natives in their colonies. They use the natives to do their work and enjoy their position and manipulation of the situation. Part II and III Rizal asserted that the indolence of the Filipinos is a chronic malady [illness] but it is not hereditary, for Filipinos have not always been indolent. He used several accounts which prove that Filipinos before the colonization of Spain were virtuous and industrious. Part III In this part, Jose Rizal explained the reasons for the indolence of the Filipinos or the “abandonment of industry, agriculture and commerce” by citing repressive policies implemented by the Spanish authorities. He concluded that the Filipinos became indolent because they didn’t benefit from their hard works.

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