Know the basic conduction route of the heart starting

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Know the basic conduction route of the heart starting at the SANode and be able to connect the conduction event with the contraction cycle (BIOL245.26, Slide 21+29) o Know the various ‘sub-stages’ of the cardiac cycle (i.e. isovolumetric contraction, ejection…) and the changes in volume changes, pressure changes, heart sounds o Be able to state what is meant by “Frank-Starling Law of the Heart” in mechanistic terms o Know how blood pressure is influenced by intrinsic and extrinsic factors of the heart (BIOL245.26, Slide 41)
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Excretion/Urinary System: o Be able to recognize the four major functions of the kidneys and to give an example of each (i.e. excretion, regulatory, endocrine, metabolic) o Know the gross anatomy of the kidneys (BIOL245.28, Slide 4) and the detailed vasculature of the kidney (BIOL245.28, Slide 6-8) and nephron (BIOL245.28, Slide 19) o Know the two ways that blood enters the kidney o Be able to describe the three ways that a filtrate is produced across the glomerulus o Describe the mechanisms of reabsorption in the PCT and LofH (BIOL245.28, Slide 26, 28) o Know the pathway of the RAAS (BIOL245.28, Slide 32) o Compare and contrast Aldosterone in terms of various parameters (handout in class) o Know the pathways of Aldosterone, ADH and ANP o Case Study: Understand why this patient has the abnormal features they do (hypertension, hypokalemia), aldosterone: renin ratio Understand what the suppresion test is (Salt loading) and the rationale/interpretation Understand the postural test and the rationale/interpretation
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BIOL245 Final Exam Study Guide The final exam will be composed of content from the last quarter of the course (see study guide) and will also contain a cumulative section. The cumulative section of the exam will be drawn from the questions below that relate the big themes of the course. You should prepare for the cumulative part of the final by completing the questions below and expecting to answer some of these questions during the final exam period (~5 questions). You will not be allowed to bring answer sheets into the exam.
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  • Fall '17
  • KS

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