Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes- talked about the patent medicines- medicines pre the civil war were so bad you were better off without them b. Some experiments in anestisia c. Victims of surgical operations were given whiskey 23. Art- architecture- little of note a. Thomas Jefferson was the one great architect b. Painting- suffered because of the puritan prejudice that it was unholy i. Look at painters names on the sheet ii. What starts to change- as a result of the war of 1812- upsurge in a spirit of nationalism- came out in painting iii. HUDSON RIVER SCHOOL OF PAINTING- interested in romantic mirroring of American landscapes- beauty of America c. 1839- Louis Daguerre- daguerreotype- primitive form of photograph i. Being able to take a photograph would change things d. Music- pre-civil war song- written by Steven Foster- Old Boats at Home i. Famous American folk song- captures the plaintive spirit of the slaves ii. Actually written by a white Pennsylvanian e. Literature- very few American writers i. A lot of American writing was political ii. Even after the war there was political writing iii. Remember all the names! iv. In wake of war of 1812- development of purely American literature developing for the first time v. Members of the knickerbockers group- William colleen Bryant and Irving and cooper 1. Those books that are important vi. Transcendentalists- Thoreau, Emerson, etc. 1. Bostonians- full of themselves, hub of the universe 2. Walt Whitman- poem called leaves of grass- poet lariat of democracy- loved everything about America- term wittman-esque- celebrates something vii. Henry William godfellow (?)- Hiawatha, midnight ride of Paul revere viii. Wittier- antislavery poetry ix. Dr Oliver Holmes- not only doctor- also another one of these Bostonians like the previous x. Edgar Allen Poe- died at age of 40- poet- early practitioner of both the detective and horror stories xi. Hawthorne/Melville xii. 2 famous women writers- 1830s- Louisa may Alcott- little women
1. Emily Dickenson-wrote a lot of poetry, dressed in white, wasn’t published til after she died ‘wackjob?” xiii. Historians- based in Boston- because Boston had the best libraries and historical materials gathered 1. George Bancroft-super patriotic 2. Francis Parkman
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- American Civil War, i., William Lloyd Garrison, Abolitionism