PED Development lecture notes

Emotional development emotional development is often

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told to “grow up” while being reminded that they are “still children.” Emotional Development: Emotional development is often stormy and in conflict. As adolescents try to establish their identities and independence, they are often uncertain and feel inadequate and insecure. They worry about their appearances, their abilities, and their relationships with others. They frequently respond more and more to peer group influences. At times, this leads to changes in attitude and behavior and conflict with values previously established. Toward the end
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of adolescence, self-identity has been established. At this point, teenagers feel more comfortable with who they are and turn attention toward what they may become. They gain control of their feelings and become more mature emotionally. Social Development: Social development usually involves spending less time with family and more time with peer groups. As adolescents begin to develop self-identity and independence, they seek security in groups of people their own age who have similar problems and conflicts. If these relationships help develop self-confidence through the approval of others, adolescents become more secure and satisfied. Toward the end of this life stage, adolescents develop a more mature attitude and begin to develop patterns of behavior that they associate with adult behavior or status. In addition to basic needs, adolescents need reassurance, support, and understanding. Many problems that develop during this stage can be traced to the conflict and feelings of inadequacy and insecurity that adolescents experience. Examples include eating disorders, drug and alcohol abuse, and suicide. Even thought theses types of problems also occur in earlier and later stages, they are more frequently associated with adolescence. REVIEW 1. What is puberty? The development of sexual organs and secondary sexual characteristics 2. What are three causes of conflict during the emotional development of adolescents? As they try to establish their identities and independence, they are often uncertain and feel inadequate and insecure. They worry about their appearances, abilities, and relationships with others. Changes in attitude and behavior may conflict with values previously established. Early Adulthood – Ages 20 to 40 Frequently the most productive life stage. Physical Development: Physical development is basically complete, muscles are well developed and strong, and motor coordination is at its peak. This is also the prime childbearing time and usually produces the healthiest babies. Both male and female sexual development is at its peak. Mental Development: Many young adults pursue additional education to establish and progress in their chosen careers. Frequently, formal education continues for many years. The young adult often deals with independence, makes career choices, establishes a lifestyle, selects a marital partner, starts a family and establishes values, all of which involve making many decisions and forming many judgments.
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  • Fall '11
  • John Smith

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