The populace suffered because the launching point for

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Mongol control over Korea. The populace suffered because the launching point for theattacks against Japan came from Korea and their populace had to supplement the Mongolarmy. This caused mass population loss to the Koreans and when Japanese pirates attackedthem for retribution, the Mongol army never protected them. Once the Ming Dynastydefeated the Mongols a general, in 1388, named Yi Song-Gye agreed to form an alliancewith the Ming Dynasty and in 1392 formed the Choson Dynasty.
4.How did the Heian form of government contribute to the cultural flowering of Japan?Heian was modeled after the Tang capital of Chang’an. The Heian government followedthe Chinese models until the decline of the Tang Dynasty in the ninth century. It was notuntil the ruling of the Fujiwara family did the Heian government see a literary and culturalflowering. In 860, the Fujiwara family took over the management of politics and restoredthe privatization of power and clan politics. Under Fujiwara Michinaga; a Buddhist who
HIS 125 Module 7 Homework Assignmentmastered music, poetry, Chinese history, and Chinese literature, ensured that all of thesearts and cultures were brought back. He also developed the system called “CloisteredGovernment,” which allowed emperors who retired to Buddhist monasteries the ability tocontinue exercising control of the throne through their sons. During this period, a brilliant aristocratic culture emerged in the Heian period.Their social niceties were based of their birth, rank, and breeding. They focused more onclothing than on how they handled swords or horses. Calligraphy and how poems werewritten were a matter of intense concern for both men and women. In this period, theJapanese developed the “Japanese Phonetic System.” This system simplified the Chinesecharacters using only one syllable instead of multiple ones. This made it easy for people ininformal texts to read and spread the literature. However, government documents were stillwritten in using the old Chinese writing style. Women played also played important roles inall level of society. Women could find themselves as the attendants to the ruler’s empress ifthey were educated in the arts and letters. Women could also inherit property from theirparents and complete against their brothers for shares of family property. To gain powerone could marry a daughter to an emperor or shogun, therefore women were very critical incontinuing political power for bloodlines. Buddhism was very strong as stated in the firstparagraph. A monk by the name of Saicho travelled to China and spent some time in amonastery on Mount Tiantai. Here he created Tendia’s (Japans name for their version ofBuddhism) whose basic message is that all living beings share the Buddha nature and canbe brought to salvation. This was done through prayer, textual study, and meditation. In thetwelfth century, these monasteries built armies of monks to protect themselves from beinginvaded and used parades to showcase their skills and sacred symbols. Kukai was another
HIS 125 Module 7 Homework Assignment

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