So you can calculate the calories in any alcoholic

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So you can calculate the calories in any alcoholic drink that you consume with the following calculation: 1.6 x alcohol % x oz in a glass To learn more about alcohol and your health, see the “ Rethinking Drinking website by the NIAAA (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism). From the Virtual Cell Biology Classroom on ScienceProfOnline.com
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VITAMINS - Micronurteints ________________ usually not produced by the body, but essential in minute amounts for metabolism. Do not serve as a source of energy, but some help facilitate many metabolic reactions as _____________. Example : B vitamins - Eight water-soluble vitamins that play important roles in cell metabolism. -Once thought to be a single vitamin, referred to as Vitamin B (much like how people refer to Vitamin C or Vitamin D). - Later research showed that they are chemically distinct vitamins that often coexist in the same foods. - Supplements containing all eight B vitamins are generally referred to as a vitamin B complex. Individual B vitamin supplements are referred to by the specific name of each vitamin (e.g. B1, B2, B3). Images: B vitamin caplets , Ragesoss From the Virtual Cell Biology Classroom on ScienceProfOnline.com
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VITAMIN - B 12 Largest and most complex of all the vitamins. Sources of B 12 : Only bacteria can synthesize. Present in animal products such as meat, poultry, fish (including shellfish), and to a lesser extent, dairy. Vegans need to take supplements. Involved in many aspects of our health. Required for proper red blood cell formation, neurological function, and DNA synthesis. 10-15% of people are believed to be deficient in this vitamin. B 12 and Depression Observational studies have found as many as 30% of patients hospitalized for depression to be deficient in vitamin B 12 . A recent cross-sectional study of 700 community-living, physically disabled women over the age of 65 found that vitamin B 12 deficient women were twice as likely to be severely depressed as non-deficient women. The reasons for the relationship between vitamin B 12 deficiency and depression are not clear. Learn more about Vitamin B12 from the website of the Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health . Image: Molecular structure of Vitamin B12 , Wiki From the Virtual Cell Biology Classroom on ScienceProfOnline.com
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DIETARY MINERALS All minerals are ________________ found throughout nature. Cannot be synthesized by the body. Because they are elements, they cannot be broken down or changed by metabolism. Important in many metabolic reactions of the cell. A balanced diet can normally meet all the body's chemical element requirements. Supplements may be required when requirements are not adequately met by the diet (for example, vegans should supplement calcium, which is found mainly in dairy products), or when deficiencies arise from pathology or injury.
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