continuous loss of blood are the most common causes of IDA (Huether & McCance, 2017). Men suffer from IDA as a result of ulcers, esophageal varices, hemorrhoids, and cancer (Huether & McCance, 2017). Females have a higher incidence of IDA during the childbearing years and decreases during menopause and males have higher peaks during childhood and adolescence (Huether & McCance, 2017). Folate Deficiency Anemia Folate (folic acid) is a B vitamin necessary for RNA and DNA synthesis, absorbed in the small intestine, and is then stored in the liver (Huether & McCance, 2017). Folate deficiency is the lack of folic acid in the blood, and low levels can cause megaloblastic anemia; which is characterized by engorged red blood cells (Johns Hopkins Medicine, n.d.). The inner contents of each cell are not fully developed causing the bone marrow to make fewer red blood cells (Johns
Hopkins Medicine, n.d.). Folate deficiency occurs mostly in alcoholics and individuals who are malnourished due to the lack of vegetables in their diet and dieting (Huether & McCance, 2017). Folate deficiency can also happen if you have certain diseases of the lower digestive tract, such as celiac disease, and also occurs in people with cancer (Johns Hopkins Medicine, n.d.).
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- Spring '15
- Hemoglobin, Folate deficiency, small fraction of the iron