39 Tom Service. “Symphony Guide: Liszt’s Faust Symphony.” The Guardian, 2014.
8foreshadows the musical style of future artists such as Bruckner’s harmonic language, Mahler’s emotional intensity and even predicts Schoenberg’s later use of serialism.40Another monumental piece that came from his days in Weimar include the Piano Sonata in B minor.41This piece was revolutionary to the sonata form in general and still has music experts searching for its secrets. Other than its remarkably outstanding power and beauty, its construction and form have been the main basis of debate. What’s interesting about Liszt’s sonataform is that it contains two completely different structures at the same time. When viewed one way, it seems to resemble one giant movement that contains the three traditional sections of exposition, development and recapitulation.42From a different perspective, you can listen for the hallmarks of a four-movement composition that’s played without any breaks.43It took some time before this piece was recognized for its significance. This sonata could be seen as a stepping stone for the new abstract way of thinking of music.Liszt faced many stresses during his time in Weimar. First, people were upset with Liszt for his relations with Richard Wagner due to Wagner’s increased political activism.44With that being said, Liszt still helped Wagner, providing him with the means to escape the political turmoil and by generously promoting his music as much as he could.45In addition, the grand duke who first employed Liszt died and his successor took little interest to music. This made 40 Ibid.41 Franz Liszt. Piano Sonata in B Minor, S178/R21. Jando, Jeno. Naxos. 1991.42 Zoltan Szabo. “Decoding the Music Masterpieces: Liszt’s Piano Sonata in B Minor.” The Conversation, 2017. .43 Ibid.44 Humphry Searle. “Franz Liszt.” Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2018. -Liszt.45 Humphry Searle. “Franz Liszt.” Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2018. -Liszt.
9Liszt’s position as a composer and conductor very difficult and eventually resulted in his resignation.46Lastly, his relationship with princess Carolyne was greatly frowned upon by the public, especially the fact that they lived together. Liszt attempted to marry the princess in 1861 but ultimately failed due to complications with her previous divorce.47This was truly a crushing blow for Liszt and one that would affect him and his music for the rest of his life.From 1861 till 1869, Liszt mainly stayed in Rome where he spent most of his time focusing on his religious beliefs and on composing sacred music. During his time in Rome, he dedicated himself to theological studies and even took the four minor orders of the Roman Catholic Church.