33.House Un-American Activities Committee – Agent of provocation during the Second Red Scare, calling many to testify against neighbors, co-workers an others, as communists. Ruined lives.34.Senator Joseph McCarthy, McCarthy Hearings – Wisconsin Senator who did the same in the Senate as the House un-American Activities Committee. Was exposed as a fraud and blowhard, but only after hurting many innocent people.35.Second Red Scare – Era when the fear of communism led many to point fingers amid the mistrust propagated by the Congress.36.Hollywood Ten – Film industry citizens that fought back against the allegations being made.37.Alger Hiss – An American government official who was accused of being a Soviet spy in 1948 and convicted of perjury in connection with this charge in 1950. Before he was tried and convicted, he was involved in the establishment of the United Nations both as a U.S. State Department official and as a U.N. official.38.Julius and Ethel Rosenberg – Married couple tried, convicted and executed for deliveringsecrets involving atomic weaponry to the Soviet Union.39.Ho Chi Minh – Communist leader of N. Vietnam40.Ngo Dinh Diem – Leader of South Vietnam.41.Interstate Highway System – Implemented by Eisenhower because he thought such a highway system would better serve the country in a time of war. Had been influenced by the Autobahn in Germany during WWII.42.Chief Justice Earl Warren – Chief Justice of Supreme Court, former governor of California,issued Brown v. Board of Education decision overturning Plessy v. Ferguson.43.Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court decision overturning Plessy v. Ferguson, recognizing that there was no equal in separate but equal. Ordered the nation’s schools desegregated “with all deliberate speed.”44.Little Rock Nine – Brown v Bd. of Education test case. Arkansas Gov. Faubus called the National Guard to prevent these 9 students from enrolling at the previously all white Little Rock,Central High. Eisenhower ultimately called in the 101st Airborne Division to ensure that they did. He saw the governor’s actions as a threat to federal prestige.45.Montgomery Bus Boycott – 1955, Organized by Black Woman Political Council in Montgomery, AL, spurred by Rosa Parks, and led by a young Dr. MLK, the boycott lasted a year and ended segregation on municipal bus transportation.46.Rosa Parks – Refused to give up her seat in the white only section of a city bus, was arrested for it, sparking the year-long Montgomery Bus Boycott.47.Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., SCLC, Noble prize winning Civil rights leader and practitioner of non-violent protest.
48.Tallahassee Bus Boycott – Organized by Rev. C.K. Steel. Similar to Montgomery in that they sought to end segregation on Tallahassee bus system. Governor LeRoy Collins intervenes and forces the two sides to the negotiation table.