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had driven out the cold” (10-11) realizes that he never gave his father the attention he should have gotten for all of the hard work he provided for the family. The speaker asks, “what did I know, what did I know of love’s austere and lonely offices” (10-14) at the endof the poem to display that he was confused at the time, and lacked knowledge of knowing how difficult it is to take care of a family. This is significant to the poem because it shows that the speaker finally understands what his father intentions were for him and his family, but recognizes that it is too late to give credit to his father. On the contrary, in Roethke’s poem, the speaker describes a content experience in the present about his father coming home drunk and excited to dance the waltz with him. According to the speaker, “[he] hung on like death” (3) and held onto his father’s shirt as long as he could. Many could interpret this experience out of fear and violence, but the son was onlytrying to prevent from falling. By comparing this father-son relationship in Hayden’s poem, the speaker in Roethke’s poem depicts a memory of the quality time spent with him and his father. The speaker is appreciative that his father was happy and drunk and wanted to spend quality time with him. The speaker felt special that his father embraced him. By comparison, both of these poems express a strong, different father-son bond.Not only do both of these poems express father-son relationships, but they also express contrasting tones. In the poem “Those Winter Sundays,” the tone is nostalgic and sentimental, whereas the poem “My Papa’s Waltz” carries a jubilant tone. In Hayden’s poem, the speaker painfully recalls the relationship he had with his father and how his father was poorly treated. The speaker feels sorry that he didn’t realize how much his father provided for him and that it is now too late to be thankful. In the final lines of the