Everything material traits support the dance fringed

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hands and mouths. Everything (material traits) support the dance: fringed sashes represent rain, gourds sound like the rain drops,. Pgs. 26-28 “Ghost Dance”: they fall into trances, U.S. gov’t banned until 1930’s scared by the Plains Indians, Sioux Indians and others banning together to do harm to those who didn’t believe and to the white men for harming the Native Americans. In an effort to save old dances, powwows were created (informal, intertribal gatherings, then became formal dance competitions. Old dances passed on to the young= survival of dances. General use of body for Native American dance: Dancers knees are bent Body tilted forward toward the ground Head movements can be elaborate (esp. when imitating animals) Arms kept close to body except bird0like gestures Chants Drums Rattles Bells (dancers often self-accompany) People undergoing a trance seem “possessed”. Those in trances need community support to protect and guide them. Those in trances are usually brought on by: special foods, drinks, smoking items, or regimens of diet and or exercise that affect the human nervous system. There are trances induced only by drugs or fasting or meditation.
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