The Diagnosis d-Dimmer lab test Untrasonography History and Physical Clinical Manifestations Assymptomatic sometimes Redness, Pain The swelling of legs & ankles, tenderness along the distribution of veins in calf and thighs.
ARTERIAL AND VEIN DISORDERS 8 chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) Treatment and Daignosis leg elevation, compression stockings, physical exercise Vein stripping surgical ligation and vein resection. Diagnosis d-Dimmer, Ultrasound History and Physical Epidemiology Advanced age, the female gender, past treatments of vericose veins, previous leg injury, pregnacy and obeisty. Pathophysiolgy The pressure of large volume of blood- Venous valve damag- Increased hydrostatic pressure pushing plasma thin vessels- veins swelling and tissue becomes edematous- inflamatory reaction in vessels and tissues- fibrosclerotic remodelling of skin- ulcerations. Clinical manifestations: Pain Edema of the lower legs Hyperpigmentation of skin on feet & akles
ARTERIAL AND VEIN DISORDERS 9 References Al-Thani, H., El-Menyar, A., Asim, M., & Kiliyanni, A. S. (2016). Clinical Presentation, Management, and Outcomes of Deep Vein Thrombosis Based on Doppler Ultrasonography Examination. Angiology , 67 (6), 587–595. - org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1177/0003319715604265 Cardiovascular diseases affect nearly half of American adults, statistics show. (n.d.). Retrieved from - half-of-american-adults-statistics-show?s=q=heart disease statistics&sort=relevancy Hammer, G. G. , & McPhee, S. (2014). Pathophysiology of disease: An introduction to clinical medicine. (7th ed.) New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education. Huether, S. E., & McCance, K. L. (2017). Understanding pathophysiology (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby. Mutlak, O., Aslam, M., & Standfield, N. J. (2019). Chronic venous insufficiency: a new concept to understand pathophysiology at the microvascular level - a pilot study. Perfusion , 34 (1), 84–89. Santler, B., & Goerge, T. (2017). Chronic venous insufficiency - a review of pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment. Journal Der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft , 15 (5), 538. Retrieved from ?
(6), 1110–1115. Voils, S. A., Lemon, S. J., Jordan, J., Riley, P., & Frye, R. (2016). Full Length Article: Early thrombin formation capacity in trauma patients and association with venous thromboembolism. Thrombosis Research, 147, 13–15. - org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1016/j.thromres.2016.09.024 Walker, C. K., Sandmann, E. A., Horyna, T. J., & Gales, M. A. (2017). Increased Enoxaparin Dosing for Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis in General Trauma Patients. Annals of Pharmacotherapy, 51(4), 323–331. - org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1177/1060028016683970
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 10 pages?
- Spring '15
- Thrombosis, Venous insufficiency