Anger hard core pornography and aggression several

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ANGER, HARD-CORE PORNOGRAPHY, AND AGGRESSIONSeveral studies show that aggression levels in previously angered males are raised by exposureto hard-core pornography, but that aggression is not raised in non-angered males (Meyer, 1972;Baron, 1974, 1978; Donnerstein et al., 1975). Pornography facilitates the expression of anger ifanger toward a particular target already exists. Violence is facilitated either through teaching anangered man to view women poorly (the behaviorist model) or through encouraging a catharticrelease of anger.Portrayals of violence without sexual content can facilitate the expression of anger as well ascan portrayals of sexually-related violence. In Meyer's (1972) study, undergraduate male students5. That the fear of being caught helps prevent rape is supported by Malamuth, Haber and Feshbach's (1980)finding that over half of the male college undergraduates they studied did not rule out the possibility thatthey would assault someone sexually if they could avoid punishment.This content downloaded from 128.227.24.141 on Fri, 30 Mar 2018 23:14:20 UTCAll use subject to
Exposure to Pornography 391were angered by painful electric shocks, which they thought were tions by another student (gender unspecified) of their performstudents were then shown a violent film segment (a knife fight scesegment from a hard-core "stag" movie, an exciting but non-violentment (a cowboy saddling and riding a half-broken horse), or not viewed the violent film clip gave the most electric shocks to the peViewers of the "stag" film gave more shocks than did viewers of theno film. A difficulty of experiments such as this is that retaliatory son is different from displaced retaliation toward a more general tunknown person because a woman aroused your anger in a pornograent from hurting the specific person who hurt you. The relationshsions of anger is not clear from the data available.Angered men need not be exposed to explicit sexual materials toearly study of male sex offenders shown drawings with ambiguothat the offenders were capable of producing their own pornogramore recent study of undergraduates found that angered men ratetive and non-exploitative sexual themes from Playboy as higher in angered men (Baron, 1978). Angered men can easily attribute thrather than to their anger. Where there is no explicit sexual stimuli an angered man will conjure up some, if necessary.The strength of the pornographic stimulus affects whether an anWhen angered and then subsequently aroused by hard-core pornodistinguishing between anger and sexual arousal. Soft-core pornogsubsequent aggression in angered men. Sexual arousal through soft-tracts attention from previous anger or defuses anger through recoof sexual arousal with aggression (Baron, 1974; Donnerstein et alMen can be distracted from their anger by hard-core as well as soand Sapolsky (1977) angered male college students and then exposedtographs (furniture, scenery and abstract art), soft-core pornograph

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