2 taylor determined to send troops to texas if texans

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2. Taylor determined to send troops to Texas if Texans attacked New Mexico. -- Would have started Civil War in 1850; southern states would defend TX 3. Taylor died of cholera on July 9, 1850 and thus helped cause of compromise. 4.Millard Fillmorebecame president; signed "Compromise of 1850" 5. Stephen Douglas most important in getting the bill passed through Congress. D. "Compromise of 1850"(Omnibus legislation -- passed in separate parts) 1.California admitted as a free state2.Abolition of the slave trade in District of Columbia3.Popular sovereignty in Mexican Cession: New Mexico and Utah territories. 4.More stringent Fugitive Slave Law (than 1793)5. Texas received $10 million from federal gov’t for surrendering claim to disputed territory in New Mexico.Memory Aid for Compromise of 1850:PopFACT” Popular Sovereignty in Mexican Cession Fugitive Slave Law Abolition of slave trade in Washington, D.C. California admitted as a state Texas given $10 million for disputed Mexican territory. Use space below for notes
E. Result 1. North got better deal. a. CA tipped Senate in favor of the North b. Popular sovereignty in NM & UT desert probably in favor of Northc. $10 million to Texas a modest sum; new area almost certain to be free. d. Halt of slave trade in Washington DC a step toward emancipating it. 2. Fugitive Slave Law became single most important frictional issue between North and South in the 1850s. a. Fugitive slave law a major blunder by South; seen by North as appalling i. Abolitionist movement given a big boost.ii. Slaves could not testify on own behalf and were denied a jury trial. iii. Heavy fines & jail sentences for those who aided and abetted runaways. b. Some states refused to accept the Fugitive Slave Law i. Massachusetts made it illegal to enforce it (move toward nullification) ii. Other states passed "personal liberty laws"denying local jails to feds. c. Ableman v. Booth, 1859-- Supreme Court upheld the Fugitive Slave Law. 3. Compromise of 1850 won the Civil War for the North a. Gained ten years to expand economic growth and sentiment for Union cause. b. Many northerners unwilling to go to war in 1850 for the Union cause. c. Controversy in 1850s convinced northerners to resist secession VI. Election of 1852A. Democrats nominated Franklin Pierce(from New Hampshire) 1. Sympathetic to Southern views; acceptable to the slavery wing of the party. 2. Campaign came out in favor of the Compromise of 1850. B. Whigs nominated General Winfield Scottbut the party was fatally split 1. Antislaveryites supported Scott but hated his support of Fugitive Slave Law 2. Southern Whigs supported the Fugitive Slave Law but questioned Scott's willingness to enforce the Compromise of 1850.C. Pierce defeated Scott 254 - 42 D. Significance: Marked effective end of Whig partyUse space below for notes:
VII. Expansionism under President Pierce A. “Young America”: Pierce sought to extend "Manifest Destiny" overseas.

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