Document may be untrustworthy since created by

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disqualify document.  Document may be untrustworthy since created by prospective  litigant for courtroom use. 3. COURSE OF REGULARLY CONDUCTED BUSINESS a. If doctor called other doctor with info or doctor copied patient record sent to him by  previous doctor, patient's record would probably be admissible. b. Documents required to be kept by law, i.e. accident reports, fall within meaning of  "regular course of business." 4. Purpose of Rule a. These documents are trustworthy b/c made during course of business.  Done often so likely to be accurate. b. Trustworthy b/c assuming business incentive to having accurate documents.   Trustworthy b/c made near time of event and by someone with personal knowledge. c. Want to reduce interruption on commerce by making people testify. 5. DOUBLE HEARSAY EXAMPLES - see p.316, n.3+4. F. PUBLIC RECORDS  - Rule 803(8) 1. Requirements - Documents of public agencies setting forth: a. Document states activities of office or agency (Rule 803(8)(A)), or b. Document states matters observed pursuant to duty imposed by law as to which  matters there was a duty to report, BUT EXCLUDING in criminal cases matters  observed by law enforcement officials (Rule 803(8)(B)), or c. In civil actions and proceedings and against the gov't in criminal cases, factual  findings resulting from an investigation made pursuant to authority granted by law,  unless source of info is untrustworthy.  Rule 803(8)(C). Determine trustworthiness based on: 1) timeliness of investigation 2) special skill or exp. of official 3) whether a hearing was held 4) motivational problems 5) other factors (see p.339, n.2) i. Factually based conclusions and opinions can be construed as "fact findings" and fall within rule.  Ultimate safeguard is opponent's right to present evidence  21
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tending to contradict or diminish weight of official conclusion.  Investigator's  opinion on fault after weighing evidence will become itself a fact. ii. Reports created by law enforcement officials cannot be used against criminal  defendants.  U.S. v. Oates  (p. 331) Report by police chemist stating that powder  was heroin is not allowed under 803(8)(B) or 803(8)(C).   Want to make sure D  has right of confrontation/cross-x of W. Baker v.Elcona Homes Corp.  (p.323) - Police accident report allowed in civil suit.   Officer had expertise in investigating these matters, investigation was timely, and  report made with proper motive, so report is trustworthy.  Police officer's finding of  whether light was green or red based on circumstances and investigation is factual  finding.
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