4)According the Madeline L'Engle in the text block, "Through the Eyes of an Author" (page 298), what kind of truth is to be found in fiction? Why does she say children are drawn to science fiction? Discuss her points in light of your own reading of science fiction for children.
Page 9 of 13EDCI 3000Lesson 8Madeline L'Engle says that "the truth of what is happening around me" is what can be found in story. She states that facts simply tell us what things are, but in order to find out what things are about, or maybe what things mean, we must turn to story. L'Engle believes that fan-tasy and science fiction books express a vision, usually of hope, by looking at something that is meaningless and finding its meaning through shape and pattern.The author believes that children are drawn to science fiction because they are not afraid of the new ideas that are presented in them. Science fiction also uses concepts that are too diffi-cult for adults and presents them to children, who are open to such ideas. I think that this makes perfect sense. As we grow older, we grow more knowledgeable of the world, but we also be-come more pessimistic and skeptical of concepts. We become more closed off as adults, more rational, and we are not able to utilize our imaginations like we once were. I find this is true for myself as well. Although I do enjoy reading fantasy and science fiction, I find that I may some-times struggle to get through some parts or may have difficulty suspending my disbelief. 5)There are connections as well as differences between modern fantasy and folklore. What are the primary differences? What connections exist? Illustrate your answer with specific exam-ples.There are several connections between folklore and fantasy that still exit today, and folk-lore in picture book format can be used to form a bridge between illusion and understanding. Forexample, Norse myths and legends such as "The Children of Odin" can be used to help students understand the mythological and legendary foundations in The Hobbit. Connecting the two sto-ries will help students understand that the remote past is a golden age, and that there is a constantbattle between good and evil in both stories. Students will also be able to use specific quotes
Page 10 of 13EDCI 3000Lesson 8from each story that will help to connect the motifs. Allegory is another connection between folklore and fantasy. Aesop's Fablescan be used to help students understand and identify alle-gory within Chronicles of Narnia. Another concept that occurs in both folklore and fantasy is theuse of transformation, which can be found in both The Velveteen Rabbitand The Wish Giver. Both folklore and fantasy also share talking animals, supernatural beings, heroic adventures, and magical realms.
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