Poultry, dark-yellow vegetables, cereals, and tomatoes also reduced the risk Diet Quality and Mortality in Women•Questionnaires Analyzed by 42,000 Women Between 1987-92•Questionnaire Was Assigned a Score Based How Many of 23 Recommended Foods - Fruits, Vegetables Whole Grains, Lean Meats and Low-fat Dairy Products - Participants Reported Eating at Least Once a Week–The Highest Possible Score Was 23 •Women Who Eat Recommended Foods in Dietary Guidelines –Fruits, Vegetables, Whole Grains, Lean Meats and Low-fat Diary Products –Have a Significantly Lower Risk of Dying From All Causes, Including Cancer, Stroke and Heart Disease
**Vitamin K**VitaminsEssential Organic Molecules Found in Small Amounts in FoodsAre Not Used As a Major Source of Fuel, but Are Required for Metabolism That the Body Requires in Minute Amounts for Growth, Maintenance of Health and Metabolism–The Body Cannot Synthesize Vitamins or Cannot Synthesize Them in Sufficient Quantities for Its NeedsDeficiencies in Any One of the Vitamins Leads to –Specific Deficiency Diseases–These Can Be Reversed by Adding the Deficient Vitamin to the Diet Have Been Isolated From Natural Sources, Their Chemical Structures Determined, and Synthesized The Same Vitamin Can Exist in Various Forms and Potencies in Foods or in Vitamin SupplementsTwo Major Groups of Vitamins –Distinguished on the Basis of Their Solubility in Water or Organic Solvents Water Soluble Vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B12, C, Biotin, Folic Acid, Pantothenic Acid Fat Soluble Vitamins A, D, E, K Vitamin KVitamin K Is Found Naturally As K1in Green Vegetables, and K2, Which Is Synthesized by Intestinal BacteriaThe Body Is Also Able to Convert Synthetically Prepared Vitamin K (Menadione) to Biologically Active K1Vitamin K Is Required for the Formation of Several Clotting Factors to the Active StateThe Only Known Symptom of Vitamin K Deficiency in Man Is Increased Coagulation Time Vitamin KThe Most Common Deficiency Is Seen in Newborn Infants When the Intestinal Flora Have Not Been Established At Birth, a Neonate's Gut Is Sterile and Cannot Make Any Vitamin K –It Is Standard Practice to Supply a Single Shot of Vitamin K to the Newborn to Prevent Bleeding During the Early Weeks While the Gut Begins to Produce the VitaminVitamin K Deficiency Is Also Seen in–Patients With Diseases With Severe Fat Malabsorption –Patients on Long-term Antibiotic Therapy (Which May Destroy Vitamin K Synthesizing Bacteria in the Intestine) The Synthesis of Vitamin K by Intestinal Bacteria and Levels Obtained in a Diet From Vegetables Normally Supplies Sufficient Vitamin K–Rich Sources Include Green Leafy Vegetables–Sources: Lettuce, spinach, cabbage, cauliflower, canola oil, soybeansNo Toxicity of Vitamin K Has Been Demonstrated 4.Nutrients, Physical Activity, and the Body’s Responses *p. 359-368, 373-375, 380-393Physical FitnessCardiorespiratory endurance
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- Winter '07