Perspectives on gay and lesbian sexual orientations

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Perspectives on Gay and Lesbian Sexual Orientations• Psychological Perspectives – Psychoanalytical Views • Gay or lesbian sexual orientation results from failure to successfully resolve Oedipus complex. • Castration Anxiety– Man’s fear that his genital will be removed. • Penis Envy – A girl’s wish to have a penis. – Learning Theory • Early sexual behaviour patterns are reinforced. • Pleasurable sexual activity with same-sex friends may be reinforcing and lead to future behaviours (but not for most people who engage in same-sex sexual exploration…). • Learning theorists have not identified specific experiences that would lead to differing orientations. • The majority of gays and lesbians are aware of sexual interest in people of theirown gender before they experience sexual encounters.– Gender Nonconformity • Definition:• Gay men and lesbians are more likely to report behaviours more typical of the other gender. – Gender Nonconformity • Butch –A lesbian who assumes a traditional masculine gender role. • Femme –A lesbian who assumes a traditional feminine gender role.• Current Attitudes– There is far greater acceptance of equal rights for gay people in Canada today than at other times in history.Page 8 of 13
FRHD*2100 (DE)Chapter 9• Can be attributed in part to exposure to gay individuals. • However, Canadian population remains segmented in attitudes towards moral acceptability of homosexuality (Langstaff, 2011). – Shift is result of people who were more or less neutral toward greater acceptance. – People who oppose homosexuality have become more firm in their beliefs. – Most Canadians accept same-sex marriage.• HomophobiaTakes many forms, including: (List 5)-Using derogatory names-Telling jokes-Barring gay people from opportunities in life-Taunting -Gay bashing-Psychical abuse May stem from: (List 2)oFear of homosexualsoStrong attitudes in keeping typical gender roles, and religious views. – More common among conservative, traditional men, people who hold fundamentalist religious views, those who identify with Nazi beliefs. – Some homophobic men may have homoerotic impulses they are unaware of: denial of impulses connected to fear and disapproval of gay men.• Harassment of LGBTQ Youth in Canada – Despite many strides, Canada still remains a hostile and damaging environment for many LGBTQ youth.– EGALE Canada’s national survey found 64% of LGBTQ students felt unsafe at school, 21% had been physically harassed.– LGBTQ youth are more likely than heterosexual youth to be physically and sexually abused by people inside and outside the family.• Heterosexism – Definition:– This perspective devalues other kinds of relationships. – Lesbians and gay men are often as concerned about heterosexism as homophobia, because it is so pervasive in society.• Sexual Orientation and Canadian Law Page 9 of 13
FRHD*2100 (DE)Chapter 9– Decriminalization of same-sex behaviour between consenting adults occurred in 1969.

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Term
Winter
Professor
Staff
Tags
Homosexuality, Gay and Lesbian Sexual Orientations

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