The current public governance system reveals a number

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The current public governance system reveals a number of problems, such as overlaps between jurisdictional and functional authorities, corruption, and insuf fi - cient support from the government. It is hoped that the amended Law on Envi- ronmental Protection (2005) will resolve these problems. Speci fi cally, as the new LEP is deployed, it needs to address the following issues: Amending provisions to clearly assign tasks of environmental protection and enforcement among agencies at all levels to avoid jurisdictional and functional overlaps. Information on the duties and mandates of the inspectorates need to be acces- sible by the companies. Providing a strong legal basis of incentives for reporting corrupted cases as well as mandating stronger penalties and other sanctions for those who are corrupt. Providing a stronger legal basis for public participation in environmental compliance and enforcement, including a regime to report on corrupted cases. Increase investment and government budgets both at the central and local levels for environmental protection. Investment needs to be made in supporting pro- grams for SMEs, such as a relocation program for polluted textile and garment companies to green fi eld areas that are outside current urban areas. Providing support to SMEs to assist in adjustment and adaptation. Environmental Adaptation by Small and Medium Sized Textile 105
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For the corporate governance to be improved, training on environmental pro- tection and environmental management is a must. Stricter regulations on integrating environmental issues in companies policies and business strategies should be developed. There should also be more support and incentives from the government to the companies who are willing to proactively undertake environmental man- agement practices. This chapter has only focused on the regulative pillar of institutional theory. We recognize the importance of all three institutional forces, including the normative and cognitive pillars. Further research on this issue, with a focus on all three pillars, is needed to identify a more comprehensive set of institutional conditions, under which environmental adaptation at textile and garment SMEs in Vietnam is likely to occur. References Adger WN, Kelley PM, Ninh N (2001) Living with environmental change: social vulnerability, adaptation and resilience in Vietnam. Routledge, New York Angel DP, Rock MT (2000) Asia s clean revolution: Industry, growth and the environment, Greenleaf Publishing, Shef fi led Boccara N (2004) Modeling complex systems. Springer, New York Bruton GD, Ahlstrom D, Li H-L (2010) Institutional theory and entrepreneurship: where are we now and where do we need to move in the future? Entrepreneurship Theory Pract 34:421 440 Cima RJ (ed) (1987) Vietnam: a country study. GPO for the Library of Congress, Washington Clausen A, Vu HH, Pedrono M (2011) An evaluation of the environmental impact assessment system in Vietnam: The gap between theory and practice. Environ Impact Assess Rev 31:136 143 Dao M, Ofori G (2010) Determinants of fi
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