1607 Virginia Company of Plymouth has hard time raising funds a John Smith

1607 virginia company of plymouth has hard time

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1607 Virginia Company of Plymouth-has hard time raising funds a. John Smith along the Kennebec River 1614 2. 1620 Council of New England formed 3. The Separatists
a. Pilgrims found Plymouth Plantation 1620-didn’t want their children to grow up Dutch b. The Mayflower Compact-pseudo constitution, Puritans want to govern themselves c. William Bradford and Miles Standish-Bradford is their leader, and Miles Standish is a mercenary-there to deal with natives 4. Squanto-speaks English to the English, they like him a. Pawtuxet (Squanto’s people), Wampanoag (led by Massoit) and Naragansett (another tribe to the South) Massachusetts Bay Colony 1. Puritanism- bigger than the Pilgrims, came over as middle class 2. 1629 Massachusetts Bay Colony organized a. 1630 migration b. John Winthrop-has money, puts it all into going to NE, constantly self-examining himself 3. Government-Winthrop immediately put in charge a. Governor and Deputy Governor b. Eighteen Assistants c. Freemen-people that bought shares in the company 4. Winthrop’s innovation, the charter and problems-Winthrop doesn’t show anyone the charter, tells everyone they are freeman if they are church members 5. Neither Democracy nor Theocracy Religion and the State 1. Congregationalism-Puritans spread out into little villages, problem of control a. Richard Mather and John Cotton b. Problems of control c. Synods-meetings of all ministers who come to conclusions about what to preach about 2. Elect control of church and state 3. Idea of the halfway covenant-children and grandchildren of church members can be baptized 4. Legislation-meant to enforce certain laws (laws are getting tougher in New England) 5. Only in case of disturbance of civil order does state step in-try not to step in unless a big problem Challenges to the Status Quo 1. Roger Williams a. Minister in Salem-starts to preach that the Puritan church isn’t as it should be and they need to completely separate themselves from the Church of England b. Critical of fundamental order-since he isn’t contacting the King and asking him about it, he starts to criticize the social order, thinks congregation is supposed to be in charge instead of a top-down system c. Leaves 1636 founds Providence-takes land from Indians with real money, does what he says he was going to do 2. Rhode Island-gets its own charter, has separation between church and state
3. Ann Hutchinson arrives 1634-was a midwife, good leader, starts to have meetings at her house, starts to argue that not all the ministers are completely Puritan a. Antinomianism-God says I am so you can’t judge me b. John Cotton and John Wheelwright c. Direct personal revelation-she says she literally is hearing God’s words d. Trial and exile 1638-she is killed in an Indian attack, Winthrop is happy New England Society 1. Families a. Demographic growth-population doubling b. Education-100 % literacy rate 2. Self-governing towns a. meetinghouses 3. Social Structure-more even, less of a distance between poorest and richest 4. Economy of New England-depends on new immigrants coming in a. Fishing and timber-build their own ships and go off the banks and fish, selling timber as well b. Shipping-begin to ship after they get into the fishing and timber business 5. 1692 Witch Hunts in Salem The Development of New England 1. New Hampshire 2. Connecticut River Valley a. New Haven 3. Native Relations a. 1637 Pequot War b. New England Confederation:

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