Old age pensions act was passed very few women were

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Old Age Pensions act was passed - Very few women were elected - In 1921 Agnes Macphail was the first woman elected to the House of Commons and a second woman, Martha Black, was elected in 1935 - Female participation at the candidate level was inhibited by many factors - Both sexes were traditionally socialized into the view that politics was a masculine pursuit and that women should remain in the home - Most women were constrained by the responsibilities of homemaking and child-rearing - Political parties discouraged female candidacies, however much they needed women at the constituency level to raise money and stuff envelopes - Persons case The advance of women to the cabinet at the provincial level was also very slow - Women were frequently elected to mayoralty posts and were often the backbone of quasi-political community organizations - The discussion of the advance of women in the formal political system has implied that women themselves did not play a very significant role, at least before 1970 - Active and important in small p politics often called civil society or organizations distinct from the family, state and economy The Womens Movement After 1970 - By 1970 attitudes toward women and their role in society had changed sufficiently that it was now possible to speak of the womens movement and the word feminist became a common term - Those who seek to establish complete gender equality, to free men and women from restrictive gender roles, and to end the subordination of women - This second wave of the womens movement coincided with the royal commission on the status of women appointed in 1967 and reporting in 1970 - It provided a solid statistical base and a framework for most of the feminist action that followed during the 1970s - Since that time gender issues have become and important daily factor in Canadian politics - Most governments now designate a minister responsible for womens issues, a step that was pioneered at the federal level in 1971 - Federal plan for gender equality - This plan committed the government to applying gender based analysis in the development of all new legislation, policies, and programs - A major part of the government agency, status of women Canada, was the womens program, which supported the work of organizations promoting womens full participation in Canadian society
Representation in Politics and Government - In the post 1970 era, womens participation in politics and government increased substantially - In the post 1970 period Canada finally saw women elected as political party leaders - Women judges have also been appointed at an ever-increasing rate in other courts, and constitute about one quarter of those appointed by the federal government - Despite these breakthroughs at the provincial, territorial, and federal levels in absolute numbers, many observers still raise the question of how much influence women have in the policy making process - There is a tendency for women voters to prefer the liberals and NDP to the conservatives Employment Issues -

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