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Spirituality, applies even to those individuals who do not believe in God or do not belong to an organized religion. This broader view defines spirituality as an overarching source of meaning that transcends the day-to-day struggles of the individual and helps give life value and meaning. Stressors that can damage meaning and trust in values include: Witnessing or engaging in ethical violations, especially if conducted or condoned by leaders Leaders preaching the unit's core values, but not putting them into practice
Failing to adequately honor the fallen Events that do not make sense, logically or morally Leaders failing to acknowledge and correct their own mistakes Uncorrected breaches of discipline Uncorrected breaches of two-way respect Research on the mental and spiritual components of psychological trauma, loss, and moral injury has shown that one of the defining features of such stress injuries is that they shatter existing assumptions about God, goodness, and the moral order in a way that leaves a void in understanding and meaning. To heal and recover from such injuries requires individuals to reconstruct their core beliefs and trust in values to make new sense out of what has happened and their role in it. Since individuals tend to draw their moral values and core beliefs from the social organizations to which they belong, the leaders of those organizations—includingthe entire chain of command in a military unit—play a crucial role in conserving trust and meaning in unit members through promoting sturdy and realistic beliefs before deployment and then mentoring unit members to regain trust in values or meaning in life that has been lost during deploymentNot everyone believes in God, and those who do believe have widely varied conceptions of the divine and methods of worship; however, most people want to believe in goodness as a strong, central thread woven through life. A firm belief in goodness is so fundamental to respecting and making sense of life that those who have lost this belief are at risk of failing to treat themselves or others with basic human compassion and dignity. Unit leaders may have little interest in the nature and depth of their unit members'faith in God or their religious preferences, but leaders have ample reason to monitor and conserve their unit members' beliefs in goodness. Stressors that can damage faith include: Bad things happening to good people Betrayals of trust by leaders, close peers, or family members Actions about which individuals feel intensely guilty or ashamed (and unforgivable)
Inability to forgive others Moral dilemmas The two most important sources of social support are __________ and family supportPeer supportThe first three core COSC functions can be compared with the broad tasks required to operate and maintain a warship in the fleet.