ch08

Psychology in Action

  • Notes
  • 31
  • 100% (3) 3 out of 3 people found this document helpful

This preview shows page 11 - 13 out of 31 pages.

language acquisition device (LAD) (p. 293) morpheme [MOR-feem] (p. 292) overextension (p. 294) overgeneralize (p. 294) phoneme [FOE-neem] (p. 292) semantics (p. 292) syntax (p. 292) telegraphic speech (p. 294) INTELLIGENCE crystallized intelligence (p. 298) fluid intelligence (p. 298) intelligence (p. 297) reliability (p. 302) standardization (p. 302) validity (p. 302) THE INTELLIGENCE CONTROVERSY savant syndrome (p. 304) stereotype threat (p. 308) D iscussion Q uestions 1. Infantile amnesia refers to the finding that most of us have few memories prior to acquisition of verbal abilities. Does this suggest that thought is determined by language capabilities? What Instructor’s Resource Guide Chapter  8  Page  250
Image of page 11

Subscribe to view the full document.

about the preverbal infant who smiles at the sight of the mother or father? What is he or she thinking? 2. Children of today have far less free time (after-school structured activities, organized sports, and part-time jobs during high school) and far more access to television, computers, and video games. How might the lack of free, unstructured time affect the development and expression of creativity and intelligence? Do computers increase or decrease creativity and intelligence? Do computers affect the way we think and process information? 3. Computer simulations and artificial intelligence (AI) are major research fields in cognition. Can computers think? What differences are there (if any) between what humans call thinking and what computers do? What questions could you ask if you wanted to determine whether you were talking to a computer or a human? Do computers have language capability? Why or why not? Can computers be creative? Why or why not? And the biggest question of all, are computers intelligent ? Why or why not? 4. Is intelligence testing a useful method of measuring a person's potential for academic achievement? Ask the students if they were an employer would they prefer a highly motivated worker of average intelligence or a worker with average motivation and high intelligence? Ask which they would prefer for a romantic partner? Which would they themselves prefer to be-- highly motivated or highly intelligent? Now, ask whether colleges and universities should base admissions more on SAT and ACT scores or high school grades and activities? Discuss the relative effects of motivation and intelligence on achievement. 5. Should intelligence testing be used to "track" high school students (placing them in college prep versus vocational education courses)? Ask education majors for their opinion on this subject. Ask students who were placed in vocational education courses in high school, but are now in college, how they feel about "tracking." Does this approach damage education as a whole or simply make it more efficient? W eb S ites Chimpanzee-Human Communication Institute Discussions on the efforts that have been made to study language processes in primates. This site provides coverage of the chimp Washoe.
Image of page 12
Image of page 13
You've reached the end of this preview.
  • '
  • NoProfessor
  • Intelligence quotient, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, Watchmen

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern