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Midterm Study Guide

Over the entire world shifted drastically in the

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Over the entire world shifted drastically in the years following the discovery of the new world. Columbus may go down as one of the most influential explorers of his time. Columbus basically changed the world as they knew it almost in the blink of an eye. III. Commerce, Consumption, and Colonization How did the Indian Ocean System, the Atlantic System, and the Commercial Revolution help to transform the early-modern world? How did they bring the Americas, Europe, Africa, and Asia into dynamic political, socio-economic, and cultural relationship with one another? What was the significance of these developments for the global balance of power in the early-modern world? The Indian came into being when Vasco de Gama, the Portuguese explorer, traveled around Africa to India. This brought even more trade to the world, opening new routes in which merchants traveled getting goods to and from places even faster. The Atlantics system brought even more new goods to the old world. Crops grown and items made in the Americas were very different from those in the east and many of which at first could not be grown anywhere else. The route was taken for trade, profit and the hope of more land. When trade began with India the Indians did not want the goods that the Europeans had to trade with, they wanted gold and silver for the goods they were selling. They also were too well developed for the Europeans to conquer so they began to set up naval basses along the coasts of African and India, becoming a naval power and starting the East India Company. The East India Company had a great effect on the unification of trade around the world because it became more of a business rather than merchants sailing around trading well. The basses were normally either run by the English or Dutch and all trade had to go through them. The Dutch and English became major powers in the world because they controlled all the trade in and out of Africa and India. They had bases up and down the African coast and three in India, Calcutta, Madras, and Bombay. This turned small commercial companies in to huge economic empires. They also began to use seypoys at these basses, Indians in uniforms with guns trained as Europeans soldiers to keep things in line.
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The Atlantic system also had a part in the bringing together of the world. Many of the products traded out of the Americas were of the agricultural field. Many of the crops grown in the west cannot survive the climates and conditions in the east. Another big player in the trade with the west was slaves. Slaves were traded through the whole world but many were sold over in the new world because they were short on people and needed more hands to work the fields. China and Japan were not as prevalent in the trading system of the day.
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Over the entire world shifted drastically in the years...

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