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Table 3. Determination of KaValues5 ptsKGraphical AnalysisLiterature ValuesV1/2(mL)pKaKapKaKaKa15.253.078.51E-42.12 7.50E-3 Ka218.005.971.07E-6 7.21 6.20E-8 pKa1calculated from initial pH 2.48
IV. Discussiona.Discussion of standardizationi.The objectives of part A of the experiment was to use the standardization reaction to determine the exact concentration of NaOH. In order to do this,the indicator phenolphthalein was used to determine the endpoint of the titration or when the equivalence point had been reached and the neutralization was complete. This concentration of NaOH was used in the calculations of part B of the experiment. ii.The mean concentration of NaOH is 0.008405 and the standard deviation is 1.001*10-4.iii.Sample Calculation: Concentration of sodium hydroxideM NaOH=0.069gKHP39.5=70mL NaOH∗1mol KHP204.23g KHP∗1mol NaOH1mol KHP∗1000mL1LM NaOH=0.008510Miv.For the two trials of standardizing NaOH, the concentration differed by only 0.0002. This difference is extremely is extremely small and negligible which explains why the titrations are fairly accurate. However, there is still a variance and this is due to the subjective nature of the color change of the indicator. Often times, it is extremely difficult to determine the exact moment when the indicator changes color so it is easy to accidently add a few extra mL’s of water. b.Discussion of Titration of Cola