a conservation exercise ! the A-not-B verification task ! a seriation task ! ! Check
Adam, who is 4 years old, watches his mother pour a half full glass of juice into a taller, thinner glass. Adam's eyes go wide as he says, "Mommy, you made more juice, like magic!" Adam is clearly in Piaget's ______stage and is failing to understand the concept of conservation. postformal operational reasoning ! preoperational ! concrete operational reasoning ! formal operational reasoning ! sensorimotor operational reasoning ! ! Check
With regard to the validity of Piaget's theory of cognitive development, which criticism would be the most accurate? Piaget’s comparison of the human mind to a computer was not supported by research. ! Piaget’s research was only appropriate for the cognitive development of girls. ! Children’s cognitive development seems to be more continuous that Piaget proposed. ! Piaget gave too much importance to cultural influences on cognitive development. ! Children do not master new cognitive skills nearly as early (young) ! ! Reuse " Embed # Which part of the brain, important in planning and flexible problem solving, continues to develop throughout adolescence? the diencephalon ! the hypothalamus ! the corpus callosum ! the somatosensory cortex ! the prefrontal cortex ! ! Check
Vocabulary Chutes and Ladders A numerical board game that seems to be useful for building numerical knowledge. Concrete operations stage Piagetian stage between ages 7 and 12 when children can think logically about concrete situations but not engage in systematic scientific reasoning. Conservation problems Problems pioneered by Piaget in which physical transformation of an object or set of objects changes a perceptually salient dimension but not the quantity that is being asked about. Continuous development Ways in which development occurs in a gradual incremental manner, rather than through sudden jumps. Depth perception The ability to actively perceive the distance from oneself of objects in the environment. Discontinuous development Discontinuous development Formal operations stage
Piagetian stage starting at age 12 years and continuing for the rest of life, in which adolescents may gain the reasoning powers of educated adults. Information processing theories Theories that focus on describing the cognitive processes that underlie thinking at any one age and cognitive growth over time. Nature The genes that children bring with them to life and that influence all aspects of their development. Numerical magnitudes The sizes of numbers. Nurture The environments, starting with the womb, that influence all aspects of children’s development. Object permanence task The Piagetian task in which infants below about 9 months of age fail to search for an object that is removed from their sight and, if not allowed to search immediately for the object, act as if they do not know that it continues to exist.
- Winter '08