sp hybridization Orbitals of an sp hybridized C atom sp 2 hybridization

Sp hybridization orbitals of an sp hybridized c atom

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sp hybridization
Orbitals of an sp-hybridized C atom
sp 2 hybridization Trigonal Planar Parent Shape For atom having three electron pairs arranged 120˚ apart To obtain this orientation requires: Hybridization of an three sp 2 hybrid s and two p x orbital orbitals E 2s 2p hybridization sp 2 p z Valence atomic orbitals available p x p y p z s unchanged 3 sp 2 hybrid orbitals 120 ˚ examples: BF 3 , NO 3 - , CO 3 2- , C 2 H 4 sp 2 sp 2
sp 2 hybridization
Orbitals of an sp 2 -hybridized atom
dsp 3 hybridization Trigonal Bipyramid Parent Shape For atom having five electron pairs arranged in a trigonal bipyramid VSEPR parent shape (bond angles of 90˚,120˚) To obtain this orientation requires: Hybridization of an five dsp 3 hybrid S, three p and one d orbital orbitals E s p hybridization Valence atomic orbitals available unchanged 5 dsp 3 hybrid orbitals examples: PCl 5 , SF 4 , ClF 3 d d z 2
dsp 3 hybridization
d 2 sp 3 hybridization Octahedral Parent Shape For atom having six electron pairs arranged in an octahedral VSEPR parent shape (bond angles of 90˚,180˚) To obtain this orientation requires: Hybridization of an six d 2 sp 3 hybrid S, three p and two d orbitals orbitals E s p hybridization Valence atomic orbitals available unchanged 6 d 2 sp 3 hybrid orbitals examples: SF 6 , XeF 4 , IF 5 d d z 2 d x 2 y 2
d 2 sp 3 hybridization
Hybridization Summary Table
to summarize: VSEPR Shape and Hybrid Atomic Orbitals Parent Shape (VSEPR) on atom Atomic Valence Orbitals Used Hybrid Orbitals Obtained Example Linear (2 electron pairs) s + p x 2- sp C O 2 Trigonal planar (3 electron pairs) s + p x + p y 3- sp 2 B F 3 Tetrahedral (4 electron pairs) s + p x + p y + p z 4- sp 3 C Cl

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