The capability assessment tool for sustainable

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The Capability Assessment Tool for Sustainable Manufacturing is used to identify the gaps in capabilities and associated training and development require- ments all along the supply chain for sustainable manufacturing. The fi rst step for assessing a supplier s capability with regard to sustainable manufacturing was to Table 4 Environmental impacts across the lifecycle of sports apparel Lifecycle stage Environmental impact Raw materials (growth, acquisi- tion, and processing) Resource consumption, greenhouse gas emissions, air/ water pollution and toxicity, soil degradation/contamina- tion, biodiversity/land use, solid and hazardous waste Fiber production (natural and synthetic) Greenhouse gas emissions, air/water pollution and toxicity, soil degradation/contamination, biodiversity/land use Clothing production and garment assembly Greenhouse gas emissions, air/water pollution and toxicity, soil degradation/contamination, biodiversity/land use Packaging Solid and hazardous waste Distribution Greenhouse gas emissions Retail Solid and hazardous waste Use Resource consumption, solid and hazardous waste End-of-life management Greenhouse gas emissions, solid and hazardous waste The Sustainable Apparel Coalition and the Higg Index 43
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develop a Sustainable Manufacturing Framework (SMF), shown in Table 5 , in consultation with the manufacturer and participating suppliers along with a review of the sustainability targets and documents of the manufacturer and similar global manufacturers. Assessment of 170 capabilities can be done for areas of concern, such as managing of energy, water, resources, carbon emissions and waste as well as environment management practices for sustainability. Environmental indicators and initiatives set by the manufacturer are grouped under eight clusters of the frame- work and environmental capabilities and the associated indicators are classi fi ed under three management categories: resources (energy, water and material), emis- sions (greenhouse gases and waste) and the environment (ISO 14001 etc.). The Sustainable Manufacturing Framework formed the basis for the development of Comprehensive Capability Metrics Assessment Tool, which used a fi ve-point Likert scale for assessment. Four assessment methods were selected: a walk-through assessment based on observation of capability in work activities, a questionnaire based on simulated workplace activities, interviews through responses to verbal Table 5 Sustainable manufacturing framework Cluster Applied outcome Resource management Energy ef fi ciency Reduce energy use Maximize alternative energy resources Water ef fi ciency Reduce water use Increase alternative water supply Material ef fi ciency Optimize material fl ow and usage Manage inventory and usage Emission management Control and reduce Environmental Flow Implement and apply waste management hierarchy Handle, store, treat and dispose appropriately Prevent groundwater and land contamination Carbon emissions Account for carbon emissions Reduce carbon emissions Improved environmental
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