DSST Fundamentals of counseling

Rehabilitation counselors work with people with

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Rehabilitation counselors work with people with disabilities to help them overcome their limitations. Rehabilitation counselors work with people who have physical handicaps such as hearing loss, sight loss, and mobility restrictions. They also work with mentally disabled persons helping them to attain their full potential and improve quality of life. Rehabilitation specialists also counsel persons with psychological disorders or those who have been in prison or treatment facilities. A rehabilitation counselor focuses on helping the individual and family deal with the disability as well as finding appropriate career options. Mental health counselors are part of the team of professionals that work with people suffering from psychological disorders. They usually work in mental health hospitals and clinics, dealing with people who have been diagnosed with a particular disorder and they work on the identification, treatment and prevention of such dysfunctions. In a hospital setting, they frequently work with a psychiatrist acting as the case manager and making recommendations for testing and treatment processes. In the clinic they are the key person involved in assessment and treatment and often decides if the individual needs hospitalization. A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who is able to prescribe drugs in the treatment of mental illness. A counselor may work with a psychiatrist to assess and treat a patient with a mental illness, the counselor though does not have the ability to prescribe or administer drugs. A counselor’s treatments are limited to discussion and therapy. Counselors are also found in business settings working in or with the human resource department. Business recognizes the importance of their employee’s mental health and wellness. In-house or contracted counselors work on employee development issues including career planning, labor disputes, and team building. Many employers sponsor an employee assistance program that is a confidential service available to employees who require counseling or psychological assistance in order to cope with life and continue employment. The counselor role is holistic in that it seeks to address the needs of the “whole person.” Counselors often work with other mental health professionals such as psychiatrists, psychologists, nurses and they often assume the case manager role. Because of this it is important that the counselor see the whole person and work with the other professionals to address and improve physical, mental, social, emotional, and spiritual needs. The social needs of an individual include family relationships and relationships with other people. Social needs are seen in the context of the family, work environment, friendships, and any activity that brings the person in contact with other members of the community.
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