C� quan chuyên môn c�a Liên hợp quốc Quản Paris và Công ước Berne Thúc đẩy

C? quan chuyên môn c?a liên hợp quốc quản

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Cơ quan chuyên môn của Liên hợp quốc Quản Paris và Công ước Berne Thúc đẩy quyền SHTT Tạo điều kiện để sở hữu trí tuệ / giữa các nước đang phát triển ADR
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International IPOs (Cont’d) Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (Council for TRIPs) Oversees operation of TRIPs Monitors WTO members for compliance Facilitates communication between members Assists in dispute settlement
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Intellectual Property Treaties States may enter into bilateral and multilateral treaties with one another Generally must grant more rights than existing conventions (see Berne, p. 485)
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Intellectual Property Treaties – (Cont’d) Comprehensive Agreements TRIPs Create a multilateral, comprehensive set of rights and obligations 1) WTO members must observe existing treaties (see list on p. 486) (Paris, Berne, Rome, IPIC) 2) fills in “gaps” of the treaties (i.e. life of a patent) 3) sets criteria for effective and appropriate enforcement 4) allows for transitional adoption (developing nations) 5) extends basic principals of GATT to IPR National treatment, transparency, most-favored nation status
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Hiệp định toàn diện TRIPs Tạo một đa phương, tập hợp toàn diện các quyền và nghĩa vụ 1) các thành viên WTO phải tuân thủ hiệp ước hiện hành (xem danh sách trên p. 486) (Paris, Berne, Rome, IPIC) 2) điền vào "lỗ hổng" của các điều ước quốc tế (tức là cuộc sống của một bằng sáng chế) 3) thiết lập các tiêu chuẩn cho việc thực thi có hiệu quả và phù hợp 4) cho phép nhận con nuôi chuyển tiếp (các quốc gia đang phát triển) 5) kéo dài gốc cơ bản của GATT để IPR Đối xử quốc gia, minh bạch, tình trạng tối huệ quốc
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Intellectual Property Treaties – (Cont’d) Artistic Property Agreements Berne Convention – see exhibit 9-2 Establishes common minimum rules to protect the pecuniary rights of authors without requiring them to comply with particular formalities National treatment Nonconditional protection Country of origin protection (regardless of nationality of author Common rules principle – uniform adoption by members
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Intellectual Property Treaties – (Cont’d) Artistic Property Agreements – cont’d Rome Convention Prohibits unauthorized: recording of live performances, reproduction, recording/rebroadcasting Phonogram Piracy Convention Satellite Transmission Convention WIPO Copyright Treaty Extends Berne to computer programs and databases
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Intellectual Property Treaties – (Cont’d) Industrial Property Agreements Paris Convention National treatment Right of priority Grace period of 12 months to file in other state, treated as same day as original filing Common rules May not deny protection because it originates from another state Must protect trade names without registration Must outlaw false labeling Must take ‘effective’ measures to prevent unfair competition
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