Europe vs europe treaty of utrecht 1713 the treaty

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Europe Vs. Europe - Treaty of Utrecht (1713): The treaty enforced the Partition Treaties of (1697) and (1700) which stated that the Spanish and French Crowns should never be united. This was part of British foreign policy to make peace in Europe by establishing a balance of power and preventing France in particular from uniting and dominating the continent.
- King George’s War: the name given to the military operations in North America that formed part of the War of the Austrian Succession (1740–1748). It was the third of the four French and Indian Wars Jan 23: Colonial Military Experience I. English military tradition - Militia is the bedrock of success - Commitment against a standing army ---- political/financial reasos - Legislature controls military --- puts taxation as the main funding of military - James I and reformation of military New Army model under Cromwell The default is peace not war II. Indian military tradition - Honor is courage & bravery (Indian vs. corporate) Captives are tortured to death to prove this honor - Warrior lifestyle vs. soldier mindset - Ineffective use of weapons ---- more face to face encounters - Difference of ideas on territorial ownership Mobile communities Agriculture and hunting Ritualized violence - Iroquoi confederacy Within the pivot point between French & English control III. Options 1. Use English tradition 2. Use Indian tradition 3. Mix of the 2 -Americans mix both and use what works IV. Indian Conflicts a) 1622: Powhattans brother kills colonists (same who was peaceful with Pilgrims) - 1644: Powhattan conflict Use of divide and conquer approach --- English tactic The brother is killed ---- more effect on Indians b) Chaplain (French) angers Iroquis - This makes the Iroquis tend to side with English c) Pequot War - 1637: Mystic River settlement is destroyed ---- reduce Pequot to nomadic fate - The result was the elimination of the Pequot tribe as a viable polity in Southern New England, and the colonial authorities classified them as extinct. d) King Philip’s War - Metacom’s War or the First Indian War, was an armed conflict between English colonists and the American Indians of New England in the 17th century.
- It was the Native-American’s last major effort to drive the English colonists out of New England. The war took place between 1675-1676 e) Tuscarora conflict - Part of the five nations of Iroquis confederacy - Had peaceful relations in North Carolina for over 50 years - War grew from misunderstanding between colonists and tribes - fought in North Carolina from September 22, 1711 until February 11, 1715 between the Tuscarora people and their allies on one side and European American settlers, the Yamassee, and other allies on the other. f) Yamasee Conflict - (1715–16), in British-American colonial history, conflict between Indians, mainly Yamasee, and British colonists in the southeastern area of South Carolina, resulting in the collapse of Indian power in that area. - Embittered by settlers’ encroachment upon their land and by unresolved grievances arising from the fur trade, a group of Yamasees rose and killed 90 white traders and their families (April 15, 1715) V. European Wars a)

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