Britain declared a blockade on them didnt do much damage US tried to mediate

Britain declared a blockade on them didnt do much

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Britain declared a blockade on them, didn’t do much damage US tried to mediate, changed in 1952 when US administration became republican and tended to side with British o In 1949 : the national front elected 8 members to the parliament. These members were already not members of any party. Once they were into parliament. Mosaddegh becomes chairman and he recommends nationalization of the oil company. o Mohammad Reza Shah – appointed Mosaddegh and gave him total power of the oil Shah opposes Mosaddegh and removes him from power, but he regains power and the Shah flees Iran The Shah had barely any power – Mosaddegh was a more influential than the Shah. o In 1950 : national security document (declassified) under the Truman administration – advocating increases in economic and military aid to end communist power. West worries when communism becomes more visible in Iran Threatens west with communism, bad idea CIA plants anti-American articles in Iranian press → excuse to prove Iran falling to communism 1953 Mossadegh toppled in a coup → Britain and America Unpredicted consequences, Churchill wanted someone more favorable to England If they hadn’t interfered, Iran could be a democracy today
o Economic blockade on Iran Britain trying to put the squeeze on Iran as part of its policy in order for the Iranians to back down from nationalization. o Timeline of Operation Overthrow (PM) Mohammed Mossadeq: Originally US friendly toward Iran, worried when communist rallies become more outspoken Mossadegh seen as a frail leader, would pass out from hysteria, held cabinet meetings from bed Looked good to Iranians, used to bullies, but west wanted a strong leader Eisenhower comes to power, US and UK (Churchill) in sync again Coup enacted by CIA, created by British Secret Service, also Iranian operation Internal opposition against him 1952-1953 Had a coalition, not party behind him Actions became less democratic over time, military still supported the Shah (US) Kermit Roosevelt went to Iran (CIA Middle East) (August 15th 1953) Shah feels like Mossadeq has too much power and threatens him to leave, deposes him, doesn’t abide (16th, 18th) Riots break out, Shah flees (Bangladesh and Italy), people are ready to create a republic, riots against Reza Shah (Tudeh party) Mossadeq sends people to stop these riots, Roosevelt has people rioting in favor of the Shah, arrests rioters (unconstitutional), he arrested the only people who could have stopped the coup Mossadegh's main cleric ally → Kashani *Clerics don’t like communists because communists are atheists* Says that the he is too easy on the communist riots and shi’ism is in danger August 19, Kermit pays people to riot for the Shah, “low lifes”, gives people the impression that people want to get rid of Mossadegh In the end, In 1953, Shah returns to Iran when General Fazlollah Zahedi (whose plan was to get rid of the government, had an undemocratic side), with help of the CIA, overthrows Mossadegh in an August Coup d’état. in order to stop communism

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