Lecture 11 Memory (Part I)

Based primarily on acoustic information properties of

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Based primarily on acoustic information. Properties of Visuo-Spatial Sketchpad Analogous to the Phonological Loop except for visual information Limited Capacity Must be attended to periodically and rehearsed in order to be preserved. Central Executive
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Attentional controller that selects and regulates the flow of information within Working Memory. Chunking Chunk- a category of information that lets you group/organize underlying items. Our short term memory capacity is 7 plus or minus 2 chunks of information. Long-term Memory Encoding- process that controls movement from working to long-term memory Retrieval- process that controls flow of information from long-term memory to working memory. Long-term Memory Unlimited capacity May be stored permanently Emotion gets into long-term memory Flashbulb Memories They are not complete and they are not immune to forgetting. They can be grossly inaccurate. Different from everyday memories in terms of how confidently individual believe in them. Amnesia Evidence for separate LTM and WM. Amnesiacs show normal working memory. Amnesiacs cannot form new conscious long-term memories. Caused by damage to hippocampus and/or surrounding areas. Jeremy video- Jeremy cannot encode new conscious memories. Procedural learning is spared in Amnesia o Can learn some things normally: Dress making Jigsaw puzzles Tower of Hanoi Mirror drawing task BUT will NEVER remember doing the task
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