H2 People with Low Self Esteem Tend to Take or Post Selfies to Boost their Self

H2 people with low self esteem tend to take or post

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H2: People with Low Self-Esteem Tend to Take or Post Selfies to Boost their Self- Confidence More Than Those with Higher Levels of Self-Esteem ............................... 32 CHAPTER V: DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION ......................................................... 33 Demographics of the Participants .................................................................................... 33 Gender of the Current Survey Participant. .................................................................... 33 Age of the Current Survey Participants ......................................................................... 34 Ethnicity Origin of the Current Survey Participants .................................................... 34 School Year of the Current Survey Participants ……………………………………... 34 Self-Esteem Level of the Participants ............................................................................. 35 Relationship between People Who Take More Selfies and Their Self-Esteem Levels 35 Relationship between People Who Post More Selfies and Their Self-Esteem Levels . 36 Uses and Gratifications of Selfies ..................................................................................... 37
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v People With Lower Self-Esteem Levels Tend To Take More Selfies Than Those With Higher Self-Esteem Levels. ............................................................................................... 38 People With Low Self-Esteem Tend To Take Or Post Selfies To Boost Their Self- Confidence More Than Those With Higher Levels Of Self-Esteem ............................. 39 Conclusion, Limitations and Future Research ............................................................... 40 REFERENCES ...................................................................................................................... 42 APPENDICES ....................................................................................................................... 53 APPENDIX A: INFORMED CONSENT FORM .......................................................... 54 APPENDIX B: QUESTIONNAIRE ................................................................................ 55 APPENDIX C: OTHER RESPONSES FOR USES AND GRATIFICATIONS OF SELFIES ............................................................................................................................ 59 APPENDIX D: IRB APPROVAL ................................................................................... 64
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vi LIST OF TABLES Table 1 Table 2 Table 3 Average of Selfies Taken and Posted by Age ………………………… 25 Reasons for Taking or Posting Selfies ……………………… ... . …... 31 Reasons for Taking or Posting Selfies Pivot Table …..………………. 32
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vii LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1 Gender Identity of the Current Survey Participants ………………… ..23 Figure 2 Age of the Current Survey Participants ……………………………… 25 Figure 3 Ethnicity Origin of the Current Survey Participants ………………… 26 Figure 4 School Year of the Current Survey Participants…………………….. 27 Figure 5 Self- Esteem Levels and Number of Selfies Taken…………………... 28 Figure 6 Number of Selfies Posted and Self-Esteem Levels …………………. .29
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1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Taking a picture of yourself without the help of others hasn’t been that big of a deal until selfies came into existence. In the past three years, a great number of individuals practiced the trend of taking and posting selfies. Selfies became a very interesting topic for researchers to study and examine because since 2012, the rate of usage of selfie reportedly increased by 17,000% (Bennett, 2014). The phenomenon of selfie was so widespread in 2013 that Oxford Dictionary selected the term as the "word of 2013" (Snooke, 2014). Keenan (2014) mentions that she had seen people taking selfies at parties, in class, while having food, working out at the gym, and almost everywhere and anywhere. According to Haggard (2014), people believe self-imaging as a way to validate and express themselves. However, other researchers are proposing that being highly involved in the trend can be related to low self-esteem or narcissism (Haggard, 2014).
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