132. The passage suggests which of the following concerning the techniques used by the new political historians described in the first paragraph of the passage? (A) They involved the extensive use of the biographies of political party leaders and political theoreticians. (B) They were conceived by political historians who were reacting against the political climates of the 1960s and 1970s. (C) They were of more use in analyzing the positions of United States political parties in the nineteenth century than in analyzing the positions of those in the twentieth century. (D) They were of more use in analyzing the political behavior of nineteenth-century voters than in analyzing the political activities of those who could not vote during that period. (E) They were devised as a means of tracing the influence of nineteenth-century political trends on twentieth-century political trends. 133. It can be inferred that the author of the passage quotes Baker directly in the second paragraph primarily in order to (A) clarify a position before providing an alternative of that position (B) differentiate between a novel definition and traditional definitions (C) provide an example of a point agreed on by different generations of scholars (D) provide an example of the prose style of an important historian (E) amplify a definition given in the first paragraph 134. According to the passage, Paula Baker and the new political historians of the 1960’s and 1970’s shared which of the following? (A) A commitment to interest-group politics (B) A disregard for political theory and ideology (C) An interest in the ways in which nineteenth-century politics prefigured contemporary politics (D) A reliance on such quantitative techniques as the analysis of election returns (E) An emphasis on the political involvement of ordinary citizens 135. Which of the following best describes the structure of the first paragraph of the passage?
(A) Two scholarly approaches are compared, and a shortcoming common to both is identified. (B) Two rival schools of thought are contrasted, and a third is alluded to. (C) An outmoded scholarly approach is described, and a corrective approach is called for. (D) An argument is outlined, and counterarguments are mentioned. (E) A historical era is described in terms of its political trends. 136. The information in the passage suggests that a pre-1960’s political historian would have been most likely to undertake which of the following studies? (A) An analysis of voting trends among women voters of the 1920’s (B) A study of male voters’ gradual ideological shift from party politics to issue-oriented politics (C) A biography of an influential nineteenth-century minister of foreign affairs (D) An analysis of narratives written by previously unrecognized women activists (E) A study of voting trends among naturalized immigrant laborers in a nineteenth-century logging camp
Passage 104 (4/17) New observations about the age of some globular clusters in our Milky Way galaxy have cast doubt on a long-held theory about how the galaxy was formed. The Milky Way contains
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