writs of mandadamus…to any courts appointed, or persons holding office, under the authority of the untied states.Louisiana Purchase (1803)Lewis and Clark (1804-1806)•They wanted to map out what they bought•Establish relations with the native Americans•Wanted to know something about the biology of the west. Discovered many species that were unknown to the euro-americans•Was not virgin territory that they were exploring. It was heavily shaped by native americans.March 5, 2008War of 1812•War that really didn’t win
•Two wars that happened simultaneously 1st– Native Americans, 2nd– with the British•TecumsehoFather had been killed by Virginia militiamenoFought at Fallen Timbers (1794), refused to sign Treaty of Greenville – signed over the Ohio River ValleyoSought to unify Native Americans against U.S. encroachment – recognized that as individual groups, they would lose horribly. oTecumseh’s younger brother, also known as “The Prophet” or “The Open Door” – said that all Europeans were the children of the great serpent. Nothing about them was good and all Natives should reject everything about the European lifestyle.oBegan religious revival in 1805oFounded (w/Tecumseh) base at Prophetstown (Tippecanoe) – base for the new movementBattle of Tippecanoe•1811 – Indiana Gov. Gen. William Henry Harrison attacked Prophetstown, while Tecumseh was traveling to recruit southern tribes into his confederation•⇒Tecumseh formed alliance with the British. – Realized he needed a way to get more supplies.Causes of the War with Britain•France and Great Britain had been at war since 1793. U.S. Attempted to maintain neutral trading rights with both sides•Impressment Controversy – were desperate for manpower in the British Navy.•Diplomatic and economic attempts to maintain neutrality – felt angry because their country was being treated as a second-class country.•Henry Clay (KY) and John Calhoun (SC) press for war against Great Britain – the only way to resolve the problems with Britain was by force.•Congress votes for a declaration of war on June 1, 1812 – in the house it was 79 to 49, in the senate it was 19 to 13. Two parties Democratic Republicans, and Federalists. All federalists voted against the war.
War of 1812•Invasion of Canada (1812) – gets four chapters in a Canadian history book. Very proud of the fact that they were not conquered by the U.S.•Creek War (1812-1814)•British Invasions (1814)Invasion of Canada•Thought we could take Canada over within a few weeks•Canada was poorly defended, but the U.S. army was tiny•The states immediately bordering Canada is where all the federalists and did not support the invasion and did not contribute to the war effort at all.Creek War – The U.S. was on the side that favored assimilation•Began as a civil war between those Creeks who favored traditionalism and resistance (Red Sticks) and those who favored assimilation and accommodation.